PURPOSE OF REVIEW: This review will be covering dysfunctional voiding, its diagnosis, and treatment options. This will focus primarily on dysfunctional voiding rather than all lower urinary tract dysfunction and we will focus on some of the newer findings and progress within this disease. RECENT FINDINGS: Dysfunctional voiding is the inappropriate sphincter and pelvic floor constriction during voiding in an otherwise neurologically normal child. This has a wide spectrum of symptoms and can lead to a number of complications such as chronic kidney disease and poor quality of life if not appropriately addressed. Dysfunctional voiding is diagnosed with a careful examination and history with further imaging including a renal ultrasound and uroflowmetry to confirm the diagnosis. Urotherapy and biofeedback are the first and second-line treatments respectively and lead to significant improvement or cure in the majority of patients. For refractory patients, additional therapy options include use of α-blockers, botulinum injection, and electroneurostimulation, though the majority of the literature surrounding the use of these therapies consists of small studies with heterogenous causes of voiding dysfunction. SUMMARY: Dysfunctional voiding is a common urologic complaint that has many excellent options for improving the patient's voiding issues and should be considered in patients with voiding dysfunction.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health