Dynamic variation of hemodynamic shear stress on the walls of developing chick hearts: Computational models of the heart outflow tract

Aiping Liu, Ruikang K. Wang, Kent Thornburg, Sandra Rugonyi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Heart morphogenesis and growth are influenced by hemodynamic forces (wall shear stress and blood pressure) acting on the walls of the heart. Mechanisms by which hemodynamic forces affect heart development are not well understood, in part because of difficulties involved in measuring these forces in vivo. In this paper, we show how wall shear stress in the heart outflow tract (OFT) of chick embryos at an early developmental stage (HH18) are affected by changes in the geometry and motion of the OFT wall. In particular, we were interested in the effects of cardiac cushions, which are protrusions of the OFT wall toward the lumen and that are located where valves will later form. We developed idealized finite element models (FEM) of the chick OFT with and without cardiac cushions. Geometrical parameters used in these models were estimated from in vivo images obtained using optical coherence tomography (OCT) techniques. The FEMs showed significant reverse blood flow (backflow) in the OFT, consistent with experimental observations in the chick heart at HH18, and revealed that cardiac cushions decrease backflow. In addition, our FEMs showed that the spatial distribution of wall shear stress is affected by cardiac cushions, with larger absolute peak values observed at the cushions. Differences in mechanical stimuli (wall shear stress) that the cells in the cardiac cushions and elsewhere are subjected to may affect valve formation and heart development.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-86
Number of pages14
JournalEngineering with Computers
Volume25
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 2009

Fingerprint

Hemodynamics
Shear Stress
Computational Model
Shear stress
Wall Shear Stress
Cardiac
Finite element method
Optical Coherence Tomography
Morphogenesis
Optical tomography
Blood pressure
Blood Pressure
Blood Flow
Embryo
Spatial Distribution
Finite Element Model
Spatial distribution
Heart
Reverse
Blood

Keywords

  • Chick embryo
  • Finite element model (FEM)
  • Heart development
  • Heart outflow tract (OFT)
  • Optical coherence tomography (OCT)
  • Wallshear stress

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Engineering(all)
  • Software
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Modeling and Simulation

Cite this

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abstract = "Heart morphogenesis and growth are influenced by hemodynamic forces (wall shear stress and blood pressure) acting on the walls of the heart. Mechanisms by which hemodynamic forces affect heart development are not well understood, in part because of difficulties involved in measuring these forces in vivo. In this paper, we show how wall shear stress in the heart outflow tract (OFT) of chick embryos at an early developmental stage (HH18) are affected by changes in the geometry and motion of the OFT wall. In particular, we were interested in the effects of cardiac cushions, which are protrusions of the OFT wall toward the lumen and that are located where valves will later form. We developed idealized finite element models (FEM) of the chick OFT with and without cardiac cushions. Geometrical parameters used in these models were estimated from in vivo images obtained using optical coherence tomography (OCT) techniques. The FEMs showed significant reverse blood flow (backflow) in the OFT, consistent with experimental observations in the chick heart at HH18, and revealed that cardiac cushions decrease backflow. In addition, our FEMs showed that the spatial distribution of wall shear stress is affected by cardiac cushions, with larger absolute peak values observed at the cushions. Differences in mechanical stimuli (wall shear stress) that the cells in the cardiac cushions and elsewhere are subjected to may affect valve formation and heart development.",
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AU - Liu, Aiping

AU - Wang, Ruikang K.

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AU - Rugonyi, Sandra

PY - 2009

Y1 - 2009

N2 - Heart morphogenesis and growth are influenced by hemodynamic forces (wall shear stress and blood pressure) acting on the walls of the heart. Mechanisms by which hemodynamic forces affect heart development are not well understood, in part because of difficulties involved in measuring these forces in vivo. In this paper, we show how wall shear stress in the heart outflow tract (OFT) of chick embryos at an early developmental stage (HH18) are affected by changes in the geometry and motion of the OFT wall. In particular, we were interested in the effects of cardiac cushions, which are protrusions of the OFT wall toward the lumen and that are located where valves will later form. We developed idealized finite element models (FEM) of the chick OFT with and without cardiac cushions. Geometrical parameters used in these models were estimated from in vivo images obtained using optical coherence tomography (OCT) techniques. The FEMs showed significant reverse blood flow (backflow) in the OFT, consistent with experimental observations in the chick heart at HH18, and revealed that cardiac cushions decrease backflow. In addition, our FEMs showed that the spatial distribution of wall shear stress is affected by cardiac cushions, with larger absolute peak values observed at the cushions. Differences in mechanical stimuli (wall shear stress) that the cells in the cardiac cushions and elsewhere are subjected to may affect valve formation and heart development.

AB - Heart morphogenesis and growth are influenced by hemodynamic forces (wall shear stress and blood pressure) acting on the walls of the heart. Mechanisms by which hemodynamic forces affect heart development are not well understood, in part because of difficulties involved in measuring these forces in vivo. In this paper, we show how wall shear stress in the heart outflow tract (OFT) of chick embryos at an early developmental stage (HH18) are affected by changes in the geometry and motion of the OFT wall. In particular, we were interested in the effects of cardiac cushions, which are protrusions of the OFT wall toward the lumen and that are located where valves will later form. We developed idealized finite element models (FEM) of the chick OFT with and without cardiac cushions. Geometrical parameters used in these models were estimated from in vivo images obtained using optical coherence tomography (OCT) techniques. The FEMs showed significant reverse blood flow (backflow) in the OFT, consistent with experimental observations in the chick heart at HH18, and revealed that cardiac cushions decrease backflow. In addition, our FEMs showed that the spatial distribution of wall shear stress is affected by cardiac cushions, with larger absolute peak values observed at the cushions. Differences in mechanical stimuli (wall shear stress) that the cells in the cardiac cushions and elsewhere are subjected to may affect valve formation and heart development.

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