Dual Endoscopic Endonasal Transsphenoidal and Precaruncular Transorbital Approaches for Clipping of the Cavernous Carotid Artery: A Cadaveric Simulation

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3 Scopus citations


Background Endoscopic skull base approaches are being used to address complicated neurovascular pathology. These approaches are safest when proximal vascular control of the cavernous carotid artery (CavCA) can be obtained. Methods We present a cadaver-based anatomic simulation study showing the feasibility of clip placement for the CavCA as it courses through the cavernous sinus. The arterial vessels were injected with red microfil (Flow Tech, Carver, Massachusetts) to enhance visibility. The endoscope was directed through a precaruncular transorbital approach and instrumentation was managed through an endonasal transsphenoidal approach. Results The dual approach minimized the “coning down” and instrument “sword fighting” that occurs as the rod lens endoscope and instruments are used laterally and posterior toward the clivus and brainstem. The precaruncular transorbital approach improved visualization of the clip application and improved the functional working area. The transorbital port allowed better appreciation of the distal clip tines, and the laterally positioned cranial nerves. Conclusions The advantages may be most realized in the setting of endoscopic endonasal resection of highly vascular lesions and/or bleeding from a ruptured aneurysm being clipped. Simulated training provides an excellent opportunity to enhance skill sets and increase familiarity with anatomical visualization before entering the operative arena.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Neurological Surgery, Part B: Skull Base
Publication statusAccepted/In press - Mar 22 2016



  • aneurysm clipping
  • CavCA
  • cavernous carotid artery
  • endonasal transsphenoidal approach
  • precaruncular transorbital approach
  • simulation training

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

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