Drug use and the risk of major depressive disorder, alcohol dependence, and substance use disorders

Mary Ganguli, Hiroko H. Dodge, Benoit H. Mulsant

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

347 Scopus citations


Background: The Children in the Community Study is a prospective longitudinal study investigating the association between early drug use (childhood, adolescence, and early 20s) and later psychiatric disorders (in the late 20s). Methods: Using data from a community-based sample of 736 adults (50% female) from upstate New York, the subjects were interviewed at the mean ages of 14, 16, 22, and 27 years. Psychiatric disorders, measured by ageappropriate versions of the University of Michigan Composite International Diagnostic Interview, and participant's drug use were assessed. Results: Adolescent and young adult tobacco use was significantly associated with an increased risk of alcohol dependence and substance use disorders at a mean age of 27 years, but not with new episodes of major depressive disorder. Earlier alcohol use significantly predicted later major depressive disorder, alcohol dependence, and substance use disorders in the late 20s, as did early marijuana use and other illicit drug use. Except for the effect of tobacco use on major depressive disorder, early drug use was significantly related to later psychiatric disorders, even after statistically controlling for age, sex, parental educational level, family income, and prior episodes of major depressive disorder and substance use disorders. Conclusions: Our results suggest that early drug use is associated with and predicts later psychiatric disorders. Preventive implications stem from the importance of studying a range of psychiatric disorders in the context of substance use assessed over a wide age range.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1039-1044
Number of pages6
JournalArchives of General Psychiatry
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1 2002


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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