Diabetes is an important risk factor for cardiovascular disease. However, clinical data suggests intensive glycemic control significantly increase rather than decrease cardiovascular mortality, which is largely due to the fact that a majority of oral anti-diabetic drugs have adverse cardiovascular effect. There are several large-scale clinical trials evaluating the cardiovascular safety of DPP4 inhibitors, a novel class of oral anti-diabetic medications, which have been recently completed. They were proven to be safe with regard to cardiovascular outcomes. However, concerns on the safety of heart failure have been raised as the SAVOR-TIMI 53 trial reported a 27% increase in the risk for heart failure hospitalization in diabetic patients treated with DPP4 inhibitor saxagliptin. In this review, we will discuss recent advances in the heart failure effects of DPP4 inhibition and GLP-1 agonism.
- Cardiovascular outcomes
- Heart failure
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine