Experiments in hippocampal area CA1 suggest that long-term potentiation could be associated with spine addition and enlargement, and long-term depression (LTD) with spine shrinkage and loss. Is this a general principle of synaptic plasticity? We used two-photon microscopy to measure dendritic spines in rat cerebellar Purkinje cells. Neither local synaptic induction of LTD nor global chemical induction of LTD changed spine number or size. Conversely, a manipulation that evoked persistent dendritic spine retraction did not alter parallel fiber-evoked excitatory postsynaptic currents.
ASJC Scopus subject areas