Does osteonecrosis of the femoral head increase surgical and medical complication rates after total hip arthroplasty? A comprehensive analysis in the United States

Scott Yang, Alexander Y. Halim, Brian C. Werner, F. Winston Gwathmey, Quanjun Cui

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is a definitive option for end-stage osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH). Historically, higher revision rates were observed in this population compared to THA for osteoarthritis (OA). This study provides a comprehensive evaluation of postoperative medical and surgical complications comparing THA in ONFH and OA at 90 days, 1 year, and 2 years after surgery. The PearlDiver database identified 45,002 OA and 8,429 ONFH patients who underwent THA. Mechanical complications (prosthetic loosening and osteolysis, implant failure), dislocation, renal and respiratory complications were significantly increased in the ONFH group within 2 years after THA. Pulmonary embolism rates where increased in younger ONFH patients within 2 years after THA. This data helps clinicians in the postoperative risk assessment of patients with ONFH.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-244
Number of pages8
JournalHIP International
Volume25
Issue number3
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - May 1 2015

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Keywords

  • Avascular necrosis
  • Complications
  • Osteonecrosis
  • Total hip arthroplasty

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
  • Surgery
  • Medicine(all)

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