Do reciprocal associations exist between social and language pathways in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders?

The Pathways in ASD Study Team

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background Differences in how developmental pathways interact dynamically in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) likely contribute in important ways to phenotypic heterogeneity. This study aimed to model longitudinal reciprocal associations between social competence (SOC) and language (LANG) pathways in young children with ASD. Methods Data were obtained from 365 participants aged 2-4 years who had recently been diagnosed with an ASD and who were followed over three time points: baseline (time of diagnosis), 6- and 12 months later. Using structural equation modeling, a cross-lagged reciprocal effects model was developed that incorporated auto-regressive (stability) paths for SOC (using the Socialization subscale of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-2) and LANG (using the Preschool Language Scale-4 Auditory Comprehension subscale). Cross-domain associations included within-time correlations and lagged associations. Results SOC and LANG were highly stable over 12 months. Small reciprocal cross-lagged associations were found across most time points and within-time correlations decreased over time. There were no differences in strength of cross-lagged associations between SOC-LANG and LANG-SOC across time points. Few differences were found between subgroups of children with ASD with and without cognitive impairment. Conclusions Longitudinal reciprocal cross-domain associations between social competence and language were small in this sample of young children with ASD. Instead, a pattern emerged to suggest that the two domains were strongly associated around time of diagnosis in preschoolers with ASD, and then appeared to become more independent over the ensuing 12 months.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)874-883
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume56
Issue number8
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2015

Fingerprint

Language
Socialization
Autism Spectrum Disorder
Psychological Adaptation
Social Skills

Keywords

  • Autism spectrum disorder
  • epidemiology
  • language
  • reciprocal effects model
  • social development

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology

Cite this

Do reciprocal associations exist between social and language pathways in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders? / The Pathways in ASD Study Team.

In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, Vol. 56, No. 8, 01.08.2015, p. 874-883.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{58191a067ee94cad9237e63694e34212,
title = "Do reciprocal associations exist between social and language pathways in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders?",
abstract = "Background Differences in how developmental pathways interact dynamically in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) likely contribute in important ways to phenotypic heterogeneity. This study aimed to model longitudinal reciprocal associations between social competence (SOC) and language (LANG) pathways in young children with ASD. Methods Data were obtained from 365 participants aged 2-4 years who had recently been diagnosed with an ASD and who were followed over three time points: baseline (time of diagnosis), 6- and 12 months later. Using structural equation modeling, a cross-lagged reciprocal effects model was developed that incorporated auto-regressive (stability) paths for SOC (using the Socialization subscale of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-2) and LANG (using the Preschool Language Scale-4 Auditory Comprehension subscale). Cross-domain associations included within-time correlations and lagged associations. Results SOC and LANG were highly stable over 12 months. Small reciprocal cross-lagged associations were found across most time points and within-time correlations decreased over time. There were no differences in strength of cross-lagged associations between SOC-LANG and LANG-SOC across time points. Few differences were found between subgroups of children with ASD with and without cognitive impairment. Conclusions Longitudinal reciprocal cross-domain associations between social competence and language were small in this sample of young children with ASD. Instead, a pattern emerged to suggest that the two domains were strongly associated around time of diagnosis in preschoolers with ASD, and then appeared to become more independent over the ensuing 12 months.",
keywords = "Autism spectrum disorder, epidemiology, language, reciprocal effects model, social development",
author = "{The Pathways in ASD Study Team} and Bennett, {Teresa A.} and Peter Szatmari and Katholiki Georgiades and Steven Hanna and Magdelena Janus and Stelios Georgiades and Eric Duku and Susan Bryson and Eric Fombonne and Smith, {Isabel M.} and Pat Mirenda and Joanne Volden and Charlotte Waddell and Wendy Roberts and Tracy Vaillancourt and Lonnie Zwaigenbaum and Mayada Elsabbagh and Ann Thompson",
year = "2015",
month = "8",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1111/jcpp.12356",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "56",
pages = "874--883",
journal = "Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines",
issn = "0021-9630",
publisher = "Wiley-Blackwell",
number = "8",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Do reciprocal associations exist between social and language pathways in preschoolers with autism spectrum disorders?

AU - The Pathways in ASD Study Team

AU - Bennett, Teresa A.

AU - Szatmari, Peter

AU - Georgiades, Katholiki

AU - Hanna, Steven

AU - Janus, Magdelena

AU - Georgiades, Stelios

AU - Duku, Eric

AU - Bryson, Susan

AU - Fombonne, Eric

AU - Smith, Isabel M.

AU - Mirenda, Pat

AU - Volden, Joanne

AU - Waddell, Charlotte

AU - Roberts, Wendy

AU - Vaillancourt, Tracy

AU - Zwaigenbaum, Lonnie

AU - Elsabbagh, Mayada

AU - Thompson, Ann

PY - 2015/8/1

Y1 - 2015/8/1

N2 - Background Differences in how developmental pathways interact dynamically in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) likely contribute in important ways to phenotypic heterogeneity. This study aimed to model longitudinal reciprocal associations between social competence (SOC) and language (LANG) pathways in young children with ASD. Methods Data were obtained from 365 participants aged 2-4 years who had recently been diagnosed with an ASD and who were followed over three time points: baseline (time of diagnosis), 6- and 12 months later. Using structural equation modeling, a cross-lagged reciprocal effects model was developed that incorporated auto-regressive (stability) paths for SOC (using the Socialization subscale of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-2) and LANG (using the Preschool Language Scale-4 Auditory Comprehension subscale). Cross-domain associations included within-time correlations and lagged associations. Results SOC and LANG were highly stable over 12 months. Small reciprocal cross-lagged associations were found across most time points and within-time correlations decreased over time. There were no differences in strength of cross-lagged associations between SOC-LANG and LANG-SOC across time points. Few differences were found between subgroups of children with ASD with and without cognitive impairment. Conclusions Longitudinal reciprocal cross-domain associations between social competence and language were small in this sample of young children with ASD. Instead, a pattern emerged to suggest that the two domains were strongly associated around time of diagnosis in preschoolers with ASD, and then appeared to become more independent over the ensuing 12 months.

AB - Background Differences in how developmental pathways interact dynamically in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) likely contribute in important ways to phenotypic heterogeneity. This study aimed to model longitudinal reciprocal associations between social competence (SOC) and language (LANG) pathways in young children with ASD. Methods Data were obtained from 365 participants aged 2-4 years who had recently been diagnosed with an ASD and who were followed over three time points: baseline (time of diagnosis), 6- and 12 months later. Using structural equation modeling, a cross-lagged reciprocal effects model was developed that incorporated auto-regressive (stability) paths for SOC (using the Socialization subscale of the Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales-2) and LANG (using the Preschool Language Scale-4 Auditory Comprehension subscale). Cross-domain associations included within-time correlations and lagged associations. Results SOC and LANG were highly stable over 12 months. Small reciprocal cross-lagged associations were found across most time points and within-time correlations decreased over time. There were no differences in strength of cross-lagged associations between SOC-LANG and LANG-SOC across time points. Few differences were found between subgroups of children with ASD with and without cognitive impairment. Conclusions Longitudinal reciprocal cross-domain associations between social competence and language were small in this sample of young children with ASD. Instead, a pattern emerged to suggest that the two domains were strongly associated around time of diagnosis in preschoolers with ASD, and then appeared to become more independent over the ensuing 12 months.

KW - Autism spectrum disorder

KW - epidemiology

KW - language

KW - reciprocal effects model

KW - social development

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84936882744&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84936882744&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1111/jcpp.12356

DO - 10.1111/jcpp.12356

M3 - Article

C2 - 25376440

AN - SCOPUS:84936882744

VL - 56

SP - 874

EP - 883

JO - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines

JF - Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines

SN - 0021-9630

IS - 8

ER -