Do patients with advanced cognitive impairment admitted to hospitals with higher rates of feeding tube insertion have improved survival?

Shubing Cai, Pedro L. Gozalo, Susan L. Mitchell, Sylvia Kuo, Julie P.W. Bynum, Vincent Mor, Joan M. Teno

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context: Research is conflicting on whether receiving medical care at a hospital with more aggressive treatment patterns improves survival. Objectives: The aim of this study was to examine whether nursing home residents admitted to hospitals with more aggressive patterns of feeding tube insertion had improved survival. Methods: Using the 1999-2007 Minimum Data Set matched to Medicare claims, we identified hospitalized nursing home residents with advanced cognitive impairment who did not have a feeding tube inserted prior to their hospital admissions. The sample included 56,824 nursing home residents and 1773 acute care hospitals nationwide. Hospitals were categorized into nine groups based on feeding tube insertion rates and whether the rates were increasing, staying the same, or decreasing between the periods of 2000-2003 and 2004-2007. Multivariate logit models were used to examine the association between the hospital patterns of feeding tube insertion and survival among hospitalized nursing home residents with advanced cognitive impairment. Results: Nearly one in five hospitals (N = 366) had persistently high rates of feeding tube insertion. Being admitted to these hospitals with persistently high rates of feeding tube insertion was not associated with improved survival when compared with being admitted to hospitals with persistently low rates of feeding tube insertion. The adjusted odds ratios were 0.93 (95% confidence interval [CI]: 0.87, 1.01) and 1.02 (95% CI: 0.95, 1.09) for one-month and six-month posthospitalization survival, respectively. Conclusion: Hospitals with more aggressive patterns of feeding tube insertion did not have improved survival for hospitalized nursing home residents with advanced cognitive impairment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)524-533
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Pain and Symptom Management
Volume45
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2013

Keywords

  • Feeding tube
  • advanced cognitive impairment
  • survival

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nursing(all)
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Anesthesiology and Pain Medicine

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