Distribution and regulation of aromatase activity in the ram hypothalamus and amygdala

Charles Roselli, Fredrick Stormshak, John A. Resko

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

31 Scopus citations

Abstract

Conversion of androgen to estrogen within the brain by cytochrome P450 aromatase is a component of the system controlling the display of normal male reproductive behavior and negative feedback inhibition of LH secretion in rams. In the present study, we used the highly sensitive 3H2O assay to measure aromatase activity in microdissected regions of the basal diencephalon and amygdala of intact and castrated rams. We found that aromatase activity was heterogeneously distributed. The highest activity was found in the medial amygdala, cortical amygdala, and bed nucleus of the stria terminalis. Intermediate levels of aromatase activity were found within the medial preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus, periventricular preoptic area, lateral preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus, ventromedial hypothalamus, and lateral hypothalamus. The lowest activity was present in the septum, infundibulum/median eminence, and dorsal medial hypothalamus. After castration, aromatase was significantly reduced in the medial preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus, periventricular preoptic area, lateral preoptic area/anterior hypothalamus, and infundibular nucleus/median eminence. In contrast, levels in castrate rams were unchanged in several other regions, most notably the bed nucleus of the stria terminalis and medial and cortical amygdala. These results provide a quantitative profile of aromatase activity in discrete regions of the ram hypothalamus and limbic system. They also demonstrate that aromatase activity is reduced in some, but not all brain regions after castration which suggests that different regulatory mechanisms control aromatase within different neuronal populations of the ram.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)105-110
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Volume811
Issue number1-2
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Nov 16 1998

    Fingerprint

Keywords

  • Amygdala
  • Aromatase
  • CYP19
  • Cytochrome P450
  • Estrogen synthetase
  • Medial basal hypothalamus
  • Preoptic area

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this