Distal technologies and type 1 diabetes management

Danny Duke, Samantha Barry, David V. Wagner, Jane Speight, Pratik Choudhary, Michael Harris

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Type 1 diabetes requires intensive self-management to avoid acute and long-term health complications. In the past two decades, substantial advances in technology have enabled more effective and convenient self-management of type 1 diabetes. Although proximal technologies (eg, insulin pumps, continuous glucose monitors, closed-loop and artificial pancreas systems) have been the subject of frequent systematic and narrative reviews, distal technologies have received scant attention. Distal technologies refer to electronic systems designed to provide a service remotely and include heterogeneous systems such as telehealth, mobile health applications, game-based support, social platforms, and patient portals. In this Review, we summarise the empirical literature to provide current information about the effectiveness of available distal technologies to improve type 1 diabetes management. We also discuss privacy, ethics, and regulatory considerations, issues of global adoption, knowledge gaps in distal technology, and recommendations for future directions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalThe Lancet Diabetes and Endocrinology
StateAccepted/In press - 2017

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Endocrinology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Distal technologies and type 1 diabetes management'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this