Upon internalization, epidermal growth factor (EGF) is proteolytically processed from its COOH terminus as it traverses intracellular vesicles and lysosomes. This report describes experiments which were conducted to determine whether lysosomotropic amines such as methylamine, which are known to inhibit degradation of EGF, are able to significantly inhibit the COOH-terminal processing of EGF, and whether disruption of EGF processing would negatively affect EGF-stimulated events such as DNA synthesis and induction of specific mRNA species. The results of these experiments indicated that, whereas methylamine treatment had no effect on EGF binding or internalization, vesicular translocation from endocytic vesicles to lysosomes was halted and processing of EGF was severely inhibited. The stimulation of DNA synthesis beginning 12 h after EGF exposure was also markedly inhibited by methylamine treatment. However, addition of methylamine alone produced a non-specific inhibition of DNA synthesis. The ability of EGF to induce specific transcription of the rat transin gene within 6 h of treatment was also not inhibited by methylamine treatment, but was actually increased in the presence of methylamine. These results suggest that at least some early transcriptionally regulated events induced by EGF do not require vesicular processing of EGF (or its receptor) and that the signal transduced by the binding of EGF to its receptor occurs in, or proximal to, the endocytic vesicles.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||6|
|Journal||Journal of Biological Chemistry|
|State||Published - May 15 1987|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology