Disorders of Attention and Impulse Regulation

Joel Nigg, Stephen P. Hinshaw, Cynthia Huang-Pollock

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

27 Scopus citations

Abstract

This chapter focuses on the clinical syndrome of Attention-Deficit /Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD). It discusses the syndrome's likely causal mechanisms, its heterogeneity and subtypes, the boundaries of its validity as a disease construct, and its place in a developmental psychopathology framework. Because so much ongoing controversy and recent theorizing concerns the status of within-child developmental mechanisms, the chapter emphasizes internal neural and psychological control systems and their development. It highlights the role of the child's interpersonal network, plus wider societal contextual factors, which have key roles to play in the development and display of self-regulatory functions. The chapter points out that genetic and other child-specific mechanisms that influence individual differences in the expression of given traits or conditions are not commensurate with societal factors that shape the overall levels of traits. It also highlights that problems with inattention and impulsivity cut across a range of psychiatric and clinical conditions.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationRisk, Disorder, and Adaptation
Publisherwiley
Pages358-403
Number of pages46
Volume3
ISBN (Electronic)9780470939406
ISBN (Print)9780471237389
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Attention-Deficit /Hyperactivity Disorder
  • Behavioral problems
  • Developmental psychopathology framework
  • Dopamine-rich neural pathways
  • Impulse regulation
  • Neural systems
  • Psychological interventions for children

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychology(all)

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