Discovery of a small molecule targeting IRA2 deletion in budding yeast and neurofibromin loss in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor cells

Matthew Wood, Melissa Rawe, Gunnar Johansson, Shu Pang, Ryan S. Soderquist, Ami V. Patel, Sandra Nelson, William Seibel, Nancy Ratner, Yolanda Sanchez

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor (MPNST) is a life-threatening complication of neurofibromatosis type 1 (NF1). NF1 is caused by mutation in the gene encoding neurofibromin, a negative regulator of Ras signaling. There are no effective pharmacologic therapies for MPNST. To identify new therapeutic approaches targeting this dangerous malignancy, we developed assays in NF1 +/+ and NF1 -/- MPNST cell lines and in budding yeast lacking the NF1 homologue IRA2 (ira2Δ). Here, we describe UC1, a small molecule that targets NF1 -/- cell lines and ira2Δ budding yeast. By using yeast genetics, we identified NAB3 as a high-copy suppressor of UC1 sensitivity. NAB3 encodes an RNA binding protein that associates with the C-terminal domain of RNA Pol II and plays a role in the termination of nonpolyadenylated RNA transcripts. Strains with deletion of IRA2 are sensitive to genetic inactivation of NAB3, suggesting an interaction between Ras signaling and Nab3-dependent transcript termination. This work identifies a lead compound and a possible target pathway for NF1-associated MPNST, and shows a novel model system approach to identify and validate target pathways for cancer cells in which NF1 loss drives tumor formation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1740-1750
Number of pages11
JournalMolecular cancer therapeutics
Volume10
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Wood, M., Rawe, M., Johansson, G., Pang, S., Soderquist, R. S., Patel, A. V., Nelson, S., Seibel, W., Ratner, N., & Sanchez, Y. (2011). Discovery of a small molecule targeting IRA2 deletion in budding yeast and neurofibromin loss in malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor cells. Molecular cancer therapeutics, 10(9), 1740-1750. https://doi.org/10.1158/1535-7163.MCT-11-0309