Direct triggering of B lymphocytes by insolubilized antigen

M. Feldmann, M. F. Greaves, David Parker, Marvin Rittenberg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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Abstract

The in vitro immune response of mouse spleen cells to trinitrophenylated keyhole limpet hemocyanin (TNP KLH) conjugated onto Sepharose beads, TNP KLH(B), was investigated. Both primed and unprimed spleen cells responded well to this antigen. TNP KLH primed spleen gave a greater IgM, but a lesser IgG response to TNP KLH(B) than to soluble TNP KLH [TNP KLH(S)], regardless of its concentration. Spleen cell populations depleted of T cells or macrophages responded well to TNP KLH(B), but not to TNP KLH(S). Thus, TNP KLH(B) directly activates B cells, and the conjugation of a thymus dependent antigen, TNP KLH, to a particle, Sepharose, rendered it thymus independent. Varying the amount of TNP KLH conjugated per bead markedly affected their stimulatory capacity, independently of the total amount of antigen added per culture. No responses occurred with very low or very high substitution levels. In addition, it was found that TNP directly conjugated to aminoethylated polyacrylamide beads at low substitution levels is immunogenic for unprimed spleen cells. The immunogenicity of TNP KLH(B) and trinitrophenylated polyacrylamide beads indicates that the binding of antigen at the surface of a cell is sufficient to stimulate it, and that interiorization of intact antigen is not necessary in this process. Furthermore, these results can be interpreted on the basis of a matrix mechanism of B cell triggering, which involves the simultaneous binding of multiple antigenic determinants to B cell receptors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)591-597
Number of pages7
JournalEuropean Journal of Immunology
Volume4
Issue number9
StatePublished - 1974

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B-Lymphocytes
Antigens
Spleen
Sepharose
Thymus Gland
keyhole-limpet hemocyanin
Surface Antigens
Immunoglobulin M
Epitopes
Immunoglobulin G
Macrophages
T-Lymphocytes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology

Cite this

Feldmann, M., Greaves, M. F., Parker, D., & Rittenberg, M. (1974). Direct triggering of B lymphocytes by insolubilized antigen. European Journal of Immunology, 4(9), 591-597.

Direct triggering of B lymphocytes by insolubilized antigen. / Feldmann, M.; Greaves, M. F.; Parker, David; Rittenberg, Marvin.

In: European Journal of Immunology, Vol. 4, No. 9, 1974, p. 591-597.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Feldmann, M, Greaves, MF, Parker, D & Rittenberg, M 1974, 'Direct triggering of B lymphocytes by insolubilized antigen', European Journal of Immunology, vol. 4, no. 9, pp. 591-597.
Feldmann M, Greaves MF, Parker D, Rittenberg M. Direct triggering of B lymphocytes by insolubilized antigen. European Journal of Immunology. 1974;4(9):591-597.
Feldmann, M. ; Greaves, M. F. ; Parker, David ; Rittenberg, Marvin. / Direct triggering of B lymphocytes by insolubilized antigen. In: European Journal of Immunology. 1974 ; Vol. 4, No. 9. pp. 591-597.
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