Direct measurement of AMPA receptor desensitization induced by glutamatergic synaptic transmission

Thomas Otis, Su Zhang, Laurence Trussell

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

161 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Although almost all ionotropic neurotransmitter receptors undergo desensitization, the onset and recovery of desensitization at a synapse have never been observed directly. We have found changes in postsynaptic AMPA receptor sensitivity in neurons of the chick cochlear nucleus, the nucleus magnocellularis (nMAG), by photolysis of caged glutamate immediately after activation of a single synaptic input. Additionally, synaptic desensitization was demonstrated via competition between synaptically released glutamate and an exogenous nondesensitizing agonist, kainate. Both approaches indicated that at least 35-40% of the receptors were desensitized after a single synaptic stimulus. Miniature synaptic currents were depressed after an evoked synaptic current, indicating that desensitization led to a reduction in the response to individual transmitter quanta. Stimulation of adjacent glutamatergic inputs to the same cell demonstrated that nearby terminals did not depress one another, suggesting that the desensitizing level of glutamate is restricted to each axon terminal. These findings confirm that postsynaptic neurons may use desensitization to regulate the strength of transmission on a synapse-specific basis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)7496-7504
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Neuroscience
Volume16
Issue number23
StatePublished - Dec 1 1996
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

AMPA Receptors
Synaptic Transmission
Glutamic Acid
Synapses
Cochlear Nucleus
Neurons
Neurotransmitter Receptor
Photolysis
Kainic Acid
Presynaptic Terminals

Keywords

  • AMPA
  • auditory
  • brain slice
  • caged compounds
  • desensitization
  • glutamate receptors
  • kainate
  • synaptic transmission
  • voltage clamp

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

Direct measurement of AMPA receptor desensitization induced by glutamatergic synaptic transmission. / Otis, Thomas; Zhang, Su; Trussell, Laurence.

In: Journal of Neuroscience, Vol. 16, No. 23, 01.12.1996, p. 7496-7504.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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N2 - Although almost all ionotropic neurotransmitter receptors undergo desensitization, the onset and recovery of desensitization at a synapse have never been observed directly. We have found changes in postsynaptic AMPA receptor sensitivity in neurons of the chick cochlear nucleus, the nucleus magnocellularis (nMAG), by photolysis of caged glutamate immediately after activation of a single synaptic input. Additionally, synaptic desensitization was demonstrated via competition between synaptically released glutamate and an exogenous nondesensitizing agonist, kainate. Both approaches indicated that at least 35-40% of the receptors were desensitized after a single synaptic stimulus. Miniature synaptic currents were depressed after an evoked synaptic current, indicating that desensitization led to a reduction in the response to individual transmitter quanta. Stimulation of adjacent glutamatergic inputs to the same cell demonstrated that nearby terminals did not depress one another, suggesting that the desensitizing level of glutamate is restricted to each axon terminal. These findings confirm that postsynaptic neurons may use desensitization to regulate the strength of transmission on a synapse-specific basis.

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