Differential scanning calorimetric (DSC) analyses have been performed between -130° and 100°C on single-segment specimens obtained from ProFile and Lightspeed nickel-titanium rotary endodontic instruments in the as-received condition and after one, three, and six periods of simulated clinical use in extracted teeth. The DSC analyses showed that both brands of instruments were always in the superelastic condition, although the enthalpy values for the transformation from martensitic NiTi to austenitic NiTi were much smaller for the Lightspeed instruments. Simulated clinical use had no evident effect upon this transformation for both brands, which is attributed to insufficient mechanical deformation of the instruments. There were substantial differences in the enthalpy change associated with the transformation from martensitic NiTi to austenitic NiTi for test segments from different positions along the shafts of the instruments and for as-received instruments from two different batches that were analyzed in this study and a previous study. These differences are attributed to variations in work hardening along the shaft during instrument fabrication and to processing differences during production of the two batches of each instrument brand.
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