The proliferation of normal human fibroblasts, keratinocytes, and melanocytes in vitro can be controlled by purified polypeptide growth factors and serum. We have studied the cellular expression of the heparin-binding growth factor type 2/basic fibroblast growth factor (HBGF-2/bFGF) gene to determine whether these cell types synthesize mRNA for this mitogen. Our results indicate that normal human fibroblasts synthesize four distinct mRNAs of 7.0, 3.7, 2.2, and 1.5 kilobases, which hybridize to a specific HBGF-2/bFGF cDNA probe. In fibroblasts, the level of all four of these transcripts increases dramatically (more than tenfold) within 4 hours of treatment of quiescent cells with fresh fetal bovine serum. Of the purified growth factors tested, transforming growth factor type-beta also increased HBGF-2/bFGF mRNA abundance, but not to the levels attained by serum treatment. Treatment of fibroblasts with cycloheximide before and during serum treatment blocked the ability of serum to induce the expression of the HBGF-2/bFGF gene. The gene is expressed at low levels in human fibroblasts rapidly growing in serum-free medium and at higher levels in cells rapidly growing in serum-containing medium. In contrast to fibroblasts, mRNA coding for HBGF-2/bFGF is undetectable in proliferating normal human keratinocytes, melanocytes, or mammary epithelial cells. Because keratinocytes and melanocytes proliferate in response to purified HBGF-2/bFGF, our results suggest that HBGF-2/bFGF may mediate the proliferation of epidermal cells through paracrine mechanisms involving stromal fibroblasts. Moreover, we have shown that a human squamous cell carcinoma cell line (SCC-25) expresses mRNA coding for HBGF/2/bFGF, suggesting that the gene may become activated in some carcinomas.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Journal of Cellular Physiology|
|Publication status||Published - 1988|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology
- Clinical Biochemistry