Differential expression of insulin-like growth factor genes in rat central nervous system

P. Rotwein, S. K. Burgess, J. D. Milbrandt, J. E. Krause

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    384 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    A sensitive solution-hybridization assay was used to investigate the expression of genes encoding insulin-like growth factors I and II (IGF-I and -II) in the rat central nervous system (CNS). mRNAs for both IGFs are synthesized throughout the CNS of adult rats but exhibit distinct regional differences for each growth factor. IGF-I mRNA is 8-10 times more abundant in the cervical-thoracic spinal cord and in the olfactory bulb than in whole brain and is enriched 3-fold in the midbrain and cerebellum. IGF-II mRNA is minimally enriched in the medulla-pons and cerebellum but is 3-5 times less abundant in the midbrain and corpus striatum than in total brain. During CNS development the content of IGF-I and IGF-II mRNAs is highest at embryonic day 14 and declines by a factor of 3-4 at birth, to values found in adult brain. Embryonic neurons and glia synthesize IGF-I mRNA during short-term cell culture; only glia produce IGF-II mRNA. These observations show that IGF-I and IGF-II are differentially expressed in the developing and adult CNS and suggest that each growth factor may play a unique role in the mammalian nervous system.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)265-269
    Number of pages5
    JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
    Volume85
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - 1988

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • General

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