Different adrenal sympathetic preganglionic neurons regulate epinephrine and norepinephrine secretion

Shaun Morrison, Wei Hua Cao

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

108 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Brain stimulation or activation of certain reflexes can result in differential activation of the two populations of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells: those secreting either epinephrine or norepinephrine, suggesting that they are controlled by different central sympathetic networks. In urethan-chloralose-anesthetized rats, we found that antidromically identified adrenal sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPNs) were excited by stimulation of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) with either a short (mean: 29 ms) or a long (mean: 129 ms) latency. The latter group of adrenal SPNs were remarkably insensitive to baroreceptor reflex activation but strongly activated by the glucopenic agent 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), indicating their role in regulation of adrenal epinephrine release. In contrast, adrenal SPNs activated by RVLM stimulation at a short latency were completely inhibited by increases in arterial pressure or stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve, were unaffected by 2-DG administration, and are presumed to govern the discharge of adrenal norepinephrine-secreting chromaffin cells. These findings of a functionally distinct preganglionic innervation of epinephrine- and norepinephrine-releasing adrenal chromaffin cells provide a foundation for identifying the different sympathetic networks underlying the differential regulation of epinephrine and norepinephrine secretion from the adrenal medulla in response to physiological challenges and experimental stimuli.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Regulatory Integrative and Comparative Physiology
Volume279
Issue number5 48-5
StatePublished - 2000
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Chromaffin Cells
Epinephrine
Norepinephrine
Neurons
Deoxyglucose
Chloralose
Adrenal Medulla
Baroreflex
Urethane
Reflex
Arterial Pressure
Brain
Population

Keywords

  • 2-deoxyglucose
  • Adrenal medulla
  • Blood pressure
  • Hypoglycemia
  • Intermediolateral nucleus
  • Rostral ventrolateral medulla
  • Splanchnic nerve activity
  • Sympathetic nerve activity
  • Vasoconstrictor neurons

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Physiology (medical)

Cite this

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abstract = "Brain stimulation or activation of certain reflexes can result in differential activation of the two populations of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells: those secreting either epinephrine or norepinephrine, suggesting that they are controlled by different central sympathetic networks. In urethan-chloralose-anesthetized rats, we found that antidromically identified adrenal sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPNs) were excited by stimulation of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) with either a short (mean: 29 ms) or a long (mean: 129 ms) latency. The latter group of adrenal SPNs were remarkably insensitive to baroreceptor reflex activation but strongly activated by the glucopenic agent 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), indicating their role in regulation of adrenal epinephrine release. In contrast, adrenal SPNs activated by RVLM stimulation at a short latency were completely inhibited by increases in arterial pressure or stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve, were unaffected by 2-DG administration, and are presumed to govern the discharge of adrenal norepinephrine-secreting chromaffin cells. These findings of a functionally distinct preganglionic innervation of epinephrine- and norepinephrine-releasing adrenal chromaffin cells provide a foundation for identifying the different sympathetic networks underlying the differential regulation of epinephrine and norepinephrine secretion from the adrenal medulla in response to physiological challenges and experimental stimuli.",
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T1 - Different adrenal sympathetic preganglionic neurons regulate epinephrine and norepinephrine secretion

AU - Morrison, Shaun

AU - Cao, Wei Hua

PY - 2000

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N2 - Brain stimulation or activation of certain reflexes can result in differential activation of the two populations of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells: those secreting either epinephrine or norepinephrine, suggesting that they are controlled by different central sympathetic networks. In urethan-chloralose-anesthetized rats, we found that antidromically identified adrenal sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPNs) were excited by stimulation of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) with either a short (mean: 29 ms) or a long (mean: 129 ms) latency. The latter group of adrenal SPNs were remarkably insensitive to baroreceptor reflex activation but strongly activated by the glucopenic agent 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), indicating their role in regulation of adrenal epinephrine release. In contrast, adrenal SPNs activated by RVLM stimulation at a short latency were completely inhibited by increases in arterial pressure or stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve, were unaffected by 2-DG administration, and are presumed to govern the discharge of adrenal norepinephrine-secreting chromaffin cells. These findings of a functionally distinct preganglionic innervation of epinephrine- and norepinephrine-releasing adrenal chromaffin cells provide a foundation for identifying the different sympathetic networks underlying the differential regulation of epinephrine and norepinephrine secretion from the adrenal medulla in response to physiological challenges and experimental stimuli.

AB - Brain stimulation or activation of certain reflexes can result in differential activation of the two populations of adrenal medullary chromaffin cells: those secreting either epinephrine or norepinephrine, suggesting that they are controlled by different central sympathetic networks. In urethan-chloralose-anesthetized rats, we found that antidromically identified adrenal sympathetic preganglionic neurons (SPNs) were excited by stimulation of the rostral ventrolateral medulla (RVLM) with either a short (mean: 29 ms) or a long (mean: 129 ms) latency. The latter group of adrenal SPNs were remarkably insensitive to baroreceptor reflex activation but strongly activated by the glucopenic agent 2-deoxyglucose (2-DG), indicating their role in regulation of adrenal epinephrine release. In contrast, adrenal SPNs activated by RVLM stimulation at a short latency were completely inhibited by increases in arterial pressure or stimulation of the aortic depressor nerve, were unaffected by 2-DG administration, and are presumed to govern the discharge of adrenal norepinephrine-secreting chromaffin cells. These findings of a functionally distinct preganglionic innervation of epinephrine- and norepinephrine-releasing adrenal chromaffin cells provide a foundation for identifying the different sympathetic networks underlying the differential regulation of epinephrine and norepinephrine secretion from the adrenal medulla in response to physiological challenges and experimental stimuli.

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