Differences in the luteinizing hormone and prolactin responses to multiple injections of kainate, as compared to N-methyl-D,L-aspartate, in cycling rats

Rula Abbud, M (Susan) Smith

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

We have previously reported that repetitive iv injections of NMA [N-methyl-D,L-aspartate, the mixed analog acting on the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor] can induce a consistent increase in LH and PRL secretion in cycling rats, but not in lactating rats. To further explore the use of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) as tools for understanding the regulation of the neuroendocrine reproductive axis, we have examined the effects of multiple injections of kainate, an agonist to another subclass of EAA receptor, on LH and PRL secretion in cycling rats. Recent studies suggest that kainate receptors may be more abundant than NMDA receptors in the hypothalamus. Five iv injections of kainate were administered at 50-min intervals to diestrous or estrous rats. Blood samples were collected every 10 min and assayed for LH and PRL. LH, but not PRL secretion, was stimulated by this regimen of kainate treatment. Surprisingly, the LH response to kainate, unlike NMA, decreased with repetitive injections of the drug. The response to the last pulse of kainate was approximately 30-40% of the first pulse. This decline in LH responsiveness to kainate was not due to desensitization at the level of the pituitary or to refractoriness of GnRH neurons, since further stimulation of LH release could be obtained by the administration of GnRH or NMA. The mechanisms responsible for the diminishing GnRH response to kainate remain unclear. However, we speculate that it might be due to the delayed activation of inhibitory inputs to GnRH neurons or to the desensitization of kainate receptors. On the other hand, the absence of a PRL response to kainate, in contrast to the stimulatory effect of NMA, most likely reflects differences in the distribution of kainate and NMDA receptors on dopamine neurons and neurons containing PRL-releasing factors, or on extrahypothalamic afferent neuronal populations projecting to the hypothalamus. In conclusion, the effects of systemic injections of kainate on LH and PRL secretion differed from NMA in that the LH response could not be sustained with multiple injections and PRL was unresponsive to kainate stimulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)3254-3258
Number of pages5
JournalEndocrinology
Volume129
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 1991
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Kainic Acid
N-Methylaspartate
Luteinizing Hormone
Aspartic Acid
Prolactin
Injections
Gonadotropin-Releasing Hormone
N-Methyl-D-Aspartate Receptors
Kainic Acid Receptors
Neurons
Hypothalamus
Excitatory Amino Acids
Dopaminergic Neurons
Glutamate Receptors

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

Cite this

Differences in the luteinizing hormone and prolactin responses to multiple injections of kainate, as compared to N-methyl-D,L-aspartate, in cycling rats. / Abbud, Rula; Smith, M (Susan).

In: Endocrinology, Vol. 129, No. 6, 12.1991, p. 3254-3258.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{7daa284a1139470c89193035df97907b,
title = "Differences in the luteinizing hormone and prolactin responses to multiple injections of kainate, as compared to N-methyl-D,L-aspartate, in cycling rats",
abstract = "We have previously reported that repetitive iv injections of NMA [N-methyl-D,L-aspartate, the mixed analog acting on the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor] can induce a consistent increase in LH and PRL secretion in cycling rats, but not in lactating rats. To further explore the use of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) as tools for understanding the regulation of the neuroendocrine reproductive axis, we have examined the effects of multiple injections of kainate, an agonist to another subclass of EAA receptor, on LH and PRL secretion in cycling rats. Recent studies suggest that kainate receptors may be more abundant than NMDA receptors in the hypothalamus. Five iv injections of kainate were administered at 50-min intervals to diestrous or estrous rats. Blood samples were collected every 10 min and assayed for LH and PRL. LH, but not PRL secretion, was stimulated by this regimen of kainate treatment. Surprisingly, the LH response to kainate, unlike NMA, decreased with repetitive injections of the drug. The response to the last pulse of kainate was approximately 30-40{\%} of the first pulse. This decline in LH responsiveness to kainate was not due to desensitization at the level of the pituitary or to refractoriness of GnRH neurons, since further stimulation of LH release could be obtained by the administration of GnRH or NMA. The mechanisms responsible for the diminishing GnRH response to kainate remain unclear. However, we speculate that it might be due to the delayed activation of inhibitory inputs to GnRH neurons or to the desensitization of kainate receptors. On the other hand, the absence of a PRL response to kainate, in contrast to the stimulatory effect of NMA, most likely reflects differences in the distribution of kainate and NMDA receptors on dopamine neurons and neurons containing PRL-releasing factors, or on extrahypothalamic afferent neuronal populations projecting to the hypothalamus. In conclusion, the effects of systemic injections of kainate on LH and PRL secretion differed from NMA in that the LH response could not be sustained with multiple injections and PRL was unresponsive to kainate stimulation.",
author = "Rula Abbud and Smith, {M (Susan)}",
year = "1991",
month = "12",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "129",
pages = "3254--3258",
journal = "Endocrinology",
issn = "0013-7227",
publisher = "The Endocrine Society",
number = "6",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Differences in the luteinizing hormone and prolactin responses to multiple injections of kainate, as compared to N-methyl-D,L-aspartate, in cycling rats

AU - Abbud, Rula

AU - Smith, M (Susan)

PY - 1991/12

Y1 - 1991/12

N2 - We have previously reported that repetitive iv injections of NMA [N-methyl-D,L-aspartate, the mixed analog acting on the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor] can induce a consistent increase in LH and PRL secretion in cycling rats, but not in lactating rats. To further explore the use of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) as tools for understanding the regulation of the neuroendocrine reproductive axis, we have examined the effects of multiple injections of kainate, an agonist to another subclass of EAA receptor, on LH and PRL secretion in cycling rats. Recent studies suggest that kainate receptors may be more abundant than NMDA receptors in the hypothalamus. Five iv injections of kainate were administered at 50-min intervals to diestrous or estrous rats. Blood samples were collected every 10 min and assayed for LH and PRL. LH, but not PRL secretion, was stimulated by this regimen of kainate treatment. Surprisingly, the LH response to kainate, unlike NMA, decreased with repetitive injections of the drug. The response to the last pulse of kainate was approximately 30-40% of the first pulse. This decline in LH responsiveness to kainate was not due to desensitization at the level of the pituitary or to refractoriness of GnRH neurons, since further stimulation of LH release could be obtained by the administration of GnRH or NMA. The mechanisms responsible for the diminishing GnRH response to kainate remain unclear. However, we speculate that it might be due to the delayed activation of inhibitory inputs to GnRH neurons or to the desensitization of kainate receptors. On the other hand, the absence of a PRL response to kainate, in contrast to the stimulatory effect of NMA, most likely reflects differences in the distribution of kainate and NMDA receptors on dopamine neurons and neurons containing PRL-releasing factors, or on extrahypothalamic afferent neuronal populations projecting to the hypothalamus. In conclusion, the effects of systemic injections of kainate on LH and PRL secretion differed from NMA in that the LH response could not be sustained with multiple injections and PRL was unresponsive to kainate stimulation.

AB - We have previously reported that repetitive iv injections of NMA [N-methyl-D,L-aspartate, the mixed analog acting on the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor] can induce a consistent increase in LH and PRL secretion in cycling rats, but not in lactating rats. To further explore the use of excitatory amino acids (EAAs) as tools for understanding the regulation of the neuroendocrine reproductive axis, we have examined the effects of multiple injections of kainate, an agonist to another subclass of EAA receptor, on LH and PRL secretion in cycling rats. Recent studies suggest that kainate receptors may be more abundant than NMDA receptors in the hypothalamus. Five iv injections of kainate were administered at 50-min intervals to diestrous or estrous rats. Blood samples were collected every 10 min and assayed for LH and PRL. LH, but not PRL secretion, was stimulated by this regimen of kainate treatment. Surprisingly, the LH response to kainate, unlike NMA, decreased with repetitive injections of the drug. The response to the last pulse of kainate was approximately 30-40% of the first pulse. This decline in LH responsiveness to kainate was not due to desensitization at the level of the pituitary or to refractoriness of GnRH neurons, since further stimulation of LH release could be obtained by the administration of GnRH or NMA. The mechanisms responsible for the diminishing GnRH response to kainate remain unclear. However, we speculate that it might be due to the delayed activation of inhibitory inputs to GnRH neurons or to the desensitization of kainate receptors. On the other hand, the absence of a PRL response to kainate, in contrast to the stimulatory effect of NMA, most likely reflects differences in the distribution of kainate and NMDA receptors on dopamine neurons and neurons containing PRL-releasing factors, or on extrahypothalamic afferent neuronal populations projecting to the hypothalamus. In conclusion, the effects of systemic injections of kainate on LH and PRL secretion differed from NMA in that the LH response could not be sustained with multiple injections and PRL was unresponsive to kainate stimulation.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0025718833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0025718833&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 1659525

AN - SCOPUS:0025718833

VL - 129

SP - 3254

EP - 3258

JO - Endocrinology

JF - Endocrinology

SN - 0013-7227

IS - 6

ER -