Diagnostic capabilities of fractal dimension and mandibular cortical width to identify men and women with decreased bone mineral density

A. C. Alman, L. R. Johnson, David Calverley, G. K. Grunwald, D. C. Lezotte, J. E. Hokanson

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    26 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Summary Dental panoramic radiographs could be used to screen for osteopenia. We found the fractal dimension to be a good discriminator of osteopenia in both men and women but that the mandibular cortical width (MCW) did not perform as well in men. The fractal dimension may be a valid screening tool. Introduction The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic capability of the fractal dimension and MCW measured from dental panoramic radiographs in identifying men and women with decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Methods The MCW and fractal dimension were measured from dental panoramic radiographs as surrogates for BMD. These measures were then compared to the results from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) performed for clinical purposes. A total of 56 subjects with the panoramic radiograph taken within 6 months of the DXA exam were used in the analysis for this study. Results The area under the curve of the fractal dimension for identifying low BMD (T-score

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1631-1636
    Number of pages6
    JournalOsteoporosis International
    Volume23
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 2012

    Fingerprint

    Fractals
    Bone Density
    Tooth
    Metabolic Bone Diseases
    Photon Absorptiometry
    Area Under Curve

    Keywords

    • Bone mineral density
    • Dental panoramic radiographs
    • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
    • Fractal dimension
    • Mandibular cortical width

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

    Cite this

    Diagnostic capabilities of fractal dimension and mandibular cortical width to identify men and women with decreased bone mineral density. / Alman, A. C.; Johnson, L. R.; Calverley, David; Grunwald, G. K.; Lezotte, D. C.; Hokanson, J. E.

    In: Osteoporosis International, Vol. 23, No. 5, 05.2012, p. 1631-1636.

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    Alman, A. C. ; Johnson, L. R. ; Calverley, David ; Grunwald, G. K. ; Lezotte, D. C. ; Hokanson, J. E. / Diagnostic capabilities of fractal dimension and mandibular cortical width to identify men and women with decreased bone mineral density. In: Osteoporosis International. 2012 ; Vol. 23, No. 5. pp. 1631-1636.
    @article{5470fb35fb6a44bc9849e1e920daf278,
    title = "Diagnostic capabilities of fractal dimension and mandibular cortical width to identify men and women with decreased bone mineral density",
    abstract = "Summary Dental panoramic radiographs could be used to screen for osteopenia. We found the fractal dimension to be a good discriminator of osteopenia in both men and women but that the mandibular cortical width (MCW) did not perform as well in men. The fractal dimension may be a valid screening tool. Introduction The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic capability of the fractal dimension and MCW measured from dental panoramic radiographs in identifying men and women with decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Methods The MCW and fractal dimension were measured from dental panoramic radiographs as surrogates for BMD. These measures were then compared to the results from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) performed for clinical purposes. A total of 56 subjects with the panoramic radiograph taken within 6 months of the DXA exam were used in the analysis for this study. Results The area under the curve of the fractal dimension for identifying low BMD (T-score",
    keywords = "Bone mineral density, Dental panoramic radiographs, Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry, Fractal dimension, Mandibular cortical width",
    author = "Alman, {A. C.} and Johnson, {L. R.} and David Calverley and Grunwald, {G. K.} and Lezotte, {D. C.} and Hokanson, {J. E.}",
    year = "2012",
    month = "5",
    doi = "10.1007/s00198-011-1678-y",
    language = "English (US)",
    volume = "23",
    pages = "1631--1636",
    journal = "Osteoporosis International",
    issn = "0937-941X",
    publisher = "Springer London",
    number = "5",

    }

    TY - JOUR

    T1 - Diagnostic capabilities of fractal dimension and mandibular cortical width to identify men and women with decreased bone mineral density

    AU - Alman, A. C.

    AU - Johnson, L. R.

    AU - Calverley, David

    AU - Grunwald, G. K.

    AU - Lezotte, D. C.

    AU - Hokanson, J. E.

    PY - 2012/5

    Y1 - 2012/5

    N2 - Summary Dental panoramic radiographs could be used to screen for osteopenia. We found the fractal dimension to be a good discriminator of osteopenia in both men and women but that the mandibular cortical width (MCW) did not perform as well in men. The fractal dimension may be a valid screening tool. Introduction The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic capability of the fractal dimension and MCW measured from dental panoramic radiographs in identifying men and women with decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Methods The MCW and fractal dimension were measured from dental panoramic radiographs as surrogates for BMD. These measures were then compared to the results from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) performed for clinical purposes. A total of 56 subjects with the panoramic radiograph taken within 6 months of the DXA exam were used in the analysis for this study. Results The area under the curve of the fractal dimension for identifying low BMD (T-score

    AB - Summary Dental panoramic radiographs could be used to screen for osteopenia. We found the fractal dimension to be a good discriminator of osteopenia in both men and women but that the mandibular cortical width (MCW) did not perform as well in men. The fractal dimension may be a valid screening tool. Introduction The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic capability of the fractal dimension and MCW measured from dental panoramic radiographs in identifying men and women with decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Methods The MCW and fractal dimension were measured from dental panoramic radiographs as surrogates for BMD. These measures were then compared to the results from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) performed for clinical purposes. A total of 56 subjects with the panoramic radiograph taken within 6 months of the DXA exam were used in the analysis for this study. Results The area under the curve of the fractal dimension for identifying low BMD (T-score

    KW - Bone mineral density

    KW - Dental panoramic radiographs

    KW - Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry

    KW - Fractal dimension

    KW - Mandibular cortical width

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=84863609183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=84863609183&partnerID=8YFLogxK

    U2 - 10.1007/s00198-011-1678-y

    DO - 10.1007/s00198-011-1678-y

    M3 - Article

    VL - 23

    SP - 1631

    EP - 1636

    JO - Osteoporosis International

    JF - Osteoporosis International

    SN - 0937-941X

    IS - 5

    ER -