Diagnostic capabilities of fractal dimension and mandibular cortical width to identify men and women with decreased bone mineral density

A. C. Alman, L. R. Johnson, D. C. Calverley, G. K. Grunwald, D. C. Lezotte, J. E. Hokanson

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    Abstract

    Summary Dental panoramic radiographs could be used to screen for osteopenia. We found the fractal dimension to be a good discriminator of osteopenia in both men and women but that the mandibular cortical width (MCW) did not perform as well in men. The fractal dimension may be a valid screening tool. Introduction The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic capability of the fractal dimension and MCW measured from dental panoramic radiographs in identifying men and women with decreased bone mineral density (BMD). Methods The MCW and fractal dimension were measured from dental panoramic radiographs as surrogates for BMD. These measures were then compared to the results from dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) performed for clinical purposes. A total of 56 subjects with the panoramic radiograph taken within 6 months of the DXA exam were used in the analysis for this study. Results The area under the curve of the fractal dimension for identifying low BMD (T-score <1.0) was 0.81 (0.67, 0.95) and 0.78 (0.49, 1.00) for men and women, respectively. For the MCW, the area under the curve was found to be 0.53 (0.34, 0.72) and 0.80 (0.58, 1.00) for men and women, respectively. Conclusions In this largely male study population, the fractal dimension was found to be a good discriminator of low BMD in both men and women. The MCW did not perform as well in men.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1631-1636
    Number of pages6
    JournalOsteoporosis International
    Volume23
    Issue number5
    DOIs
    StatePublished - May 1 2012

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    Keywords

    • Bone mineral density
    • Dental panoramic radiographs
    • Dual energy X-ray absorptiometry
    • Fractal dimension
    • Mandibular cortical width

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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