Dexamethasone prevents virus-induced hyperresponsiveness via multiple mechanisms

Liliana Moreno, David Jacoby, Allison Fryer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

20 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

In the lungs, neuronal M2 muscarinic receptors inhibit acetylcholine release from the parasympathetic nerves. Parainfluenza virus infection causes loss of M2 receptor function, which increases acetylcholine release and vagally mediated bronchoconstriction. Because glucocorticoids are known to inhibit airway hyperresponsiveness, we tested whether dexamethasone (6.5 or 65 μg/kg ip) prevents virus-induced hyperresponsiveness and M2 receptor dysfunction in guinea pigs. In controls, pilocarpine, a muscarinic agonist, inhibited vagally induced bronchoconstriction demonstrating functional M2 receptors. However, in virus-infected animals, pilocarpine failed to inhibit vagally induced bronchoconstriction, demonstrating M2 receptor dysfunction. Frequency-dependent bronchoconstriction was greater in virus-infected animals than in controls, indicating airway hyperresponsiveness. Low-dose dexamethasone (6.5 μg/kg ip) treatment prevented virus-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, ameliorated M2 receptor dysfunction, and decreased viral content in the lungs without inhibiting virus induced inflammation. High-dose dexamethasone (65 μg/kg ip) prevented virus-induced hyperresponsiveness, completely reversed M2 receptor dysfunction, decreased viral titers, and decreased virus-induced inflammation. This high-dose dexamethasone also increased M2 receptor function in uninfected animals. In conclusion, dexamethasone prevented virus-induced hyperresponsiveness and M2 receptor dysfunction via multiple mechanisms.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalAmerican Journal of Physiology - Lung Cellular and Molecular Physiology
Volume285
Issue number2 29-2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2003
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Dexamethasone
Viruses
Bronchoconstriction
Pilocarpine
Muscarinic M2 Receptors
Inflammation
Paramyxoviridae Infections
Muscarinic Agonists
Lung
Airway Management
Muscarinic Receptors
Viral Load
Glucocorticoids
Acetylcholine
Guinea Pigs

Keywords

  • Asthma
  • Glucocorticoids
  • M receptor function
  • Vagus nerves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Cell Biology
  • Physiology

Cite this

@article{358620661be14444b21c5181e5f81ebe,
title = "Dexamethasone prevents virus-induced hyperresponsiveness via multiple mechanisms",
abstract = "In the lungs, neuronal M2 muscarinic receptors inhibit acetylcholine release from the parasympathetic nerves. Parainfluenza virus infection causes loss of M2 receptor function, which increases acetylcholine release and vagally mediated bronchoconstriction. Because glucocorticoids are known to inhibit airway hyperresponsiveness, we tested whether dexamethasone (6.5 or 65 μg/kg ip) prevents virus-induced hyperresponsiveness and M2 receptor dysfunction in guinea pigs. In controls, pilocarpine, a muscarinic agonist, inhibited vagally induced bronchoconstriction demonstrating functional M2 receptors. However, in virus-infected animals, pilocarpine failed to inhibit vagally induced bronchoconstriction, demonstrating M2 receptor dysfunction. Frequency-dependent bronchoconstriction was greater in virus-infected animals than in controls, indicating airway hyperresponsiveness. Low-dose dexamethasone (6.5 μg/kg ip) treatment prevented virus-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, ameliorated M2 receptor dysfunction, and decreased viral content in the lungs without inhibiting virus induced inflammation. High-dose dexamethasone (65 μg/kg ip) prevented virus-induced hyperresponsiveness, completely reversed M2 receptor dysfunction, decreased viral titers, and decreased virus-induced inflammation. This high-dose dexamethasone also increased M2 receptor function in uninfected animals. In conclusion, dexamethasone prevented virus-induced hyperresponsiveness and M2 receptor dysfunction via multiple mechanisms.",
keywords = "Asthma, Glucocorticoids, M receptor function, Vagus nerves",
author = "Liliana Moreno and David Jacoby and Allison Fryer",
year = "2003",
month = "8",
day = "1",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "285",
journal = "American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology",
issn = "1931-857X",
publisher = "American Physiological Society",
number = "2 29-2",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Dexamethasone prevents virus-induced hyperresponsiveness via multiple mechanisms

AU - Moreno, Liliana

AU - Jacoby, David

AU - Fryer, Allison

PY - 2003/8/1

Y1 - 2003/8/1

N2 - In the lungs, neuronal M2 muscarinic receptors inhibit acetylcholine release from the parasympathetic nerves. Parainfluenza virus infection causes loss of M2 receptor function, which increases acetylcholine release and vagally mediated bronchoconstriction. Because glucocorticoids are known to inhibit airway hyperresponsiveness, we tested whether dexamethasone (6.5 or 65 μg/kg ip) prevents virus-induced hyperresponsiveness and M2 receptor dysfunction in guinea pigs. In controls, pilocarpine, a muscarinic agonist, inhibited vagally induced bronchoconstriction demonstrating functional M2 receptors. However, in virus-infected animals, pilocarpine failed to inhibit vagally induced bronchoconstriction, demonstrating M2 receptor dysfunction. Frequency-dependent bronchoconstriction was greater in virus-infected animals than in controls, indicating airway hyperresponsiveness. Low-dose dexamethasone (6.5 μg/kg ip) treatment prevented virus-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, ameliorated M2 receptor dysfunction, and decreased viral content in the lungs without inhibiting virus induced inflammation. High-dose dexamethasone (65 μg/kg ip) prevented virus-induced hyperresponsiveness, completely reversed M2 receptor dysfunction, decreased viral titers, and decreased virus-induced inflammation. This high-dose dexamethasone also increased M2 receptor function in uninfected animals. In conclusion, dexamethasone prevented virus-induced hyperresponsiveness and M2 receptor dysfunction via multiple mechanisms.

AB - In the lungs, neuronal M2 muscarinic receptors inhibit acetylcholine release from the parasympathetic nerves. Parainfluenza virus infection causes loss of M2 receptor function, which increases acetylcholine release and vagally mediated bronchoconstriction. Because glucocorticoids are known to inhibit airway hyperresponsiveness, we tested whether dexamethasone (6.5 or 65 μg/kg ip) prevents virus-induced hyperresponsiveness and M2 receptor dysfunction in guinea pigs. In controls, pilocarpine, a muscarinic agonist, inhibited vagally induced bronchoconstriction demonstrating functional M2 receptors. However, in virus-infected animals, pilocarpine failed to inhibit vagally induced bronchoconstriction, demonstrating M2 receptor dysfunction. Frequency-dependent bronchoconstriction was greater in virus-infected animals than in controls, indicating airway hyperresponsiveness. Low-dose dexamethasone (6.5 μg/kg ip) treatment prevented virus-induced airway hyperresponsiveness, ameliorated M2 receptor dysfunction, and decreased viral content in the lungs without inhibiting virus induced inflammation. High-dose dexamethasone (65 μg/kg ip) prevented virus-induced hyperresponsiveness, completely reversed M2 receptor dysfunction, decreased viral titers, and decreased virus-induced inflammation. This high-dose dexamethasone also increased M2 receptor function in uninfected animals. In conclusion, dexamethasone prevented virus-induced hyperresponsiveness and M2 receptor dysfunction via multiple mechanisms.

KW - Asthma

KW - Glucocorticoids

KW - M receptor function

KW - Vagus nerves

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0042344998&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0042344998&partnerID=8YFLogxK

M3 - Article

C2 - 12716653

AN - SCOPUS:0042344998

VL - 285

JO - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

JF - American Journal of Physiology - Renal Fluid and Electrolyte Physiology

SN - 1931-857X

IS - 2 29-2

ER -