Developmental origins of fusion-negative rhabdomyosarcomas

Ken Kikuchi, Brian P. Rubin, Charles Keller

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

15 Scopus citations

Abstract

Rhabdomyosarcomas (RMS) are very heterogeneous tumors that can be divided into three major groups: alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma, embryonal rhabdomyosarcoma, and pleomorphic rhabdomyosarcoma. Concerted efforts over the past a decade have led to an understanding of the genetic underpinnings of many human tumors through genetically engineered models; however, left largely behind in this effort have been rare tumors with poorly understood chromosomal abnormalities including the vast majority of RMS lacking a pathognomonic translocation, i.e. fusion-negative RMS. In this chapter, we review the characteristic genetic abnormalities associated with human RMS and the genetically engineered animal models for these fusion-negative RMS. We explore not only how specific combinations of mutations and cell of origin give rise to different histologically and biologically distinguishable pediatric and adult RMS subtypes, but we also examine how tumor cell phenotype (and tumor "stem" cell phenotype) can vary markedly from the cell of origin.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)33-56
Number of pages24
JournalCurrent topics in developmental biology
Volume96
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2011

Keywords

  • Embryonal Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Muscle
  • Myogenesis
  • Rhabdomyosarcoma
  • Satellite Cell
  • Stem cell

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Developmental Biology
  • Cell Biology

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