Sprague‐Dawley rats were treated sc with 100–400 mg/kg/day 5‐iododeoxyuridine (IUDR) for 5 days beginning at 1, 5, or 10 days of age. Hair and somatic growth were markedly reduced in rats given 400 mk/kg beginning at 1 day of age. Animals were examined histologically at 10 or 20 days of age. Cerebellar cortical lesions were evident after the highest dosage in animals killed at 10 days of age, but lesions were of lesser magnitude in all series killed at 20 days of age. Retinal dysplasia was observed in rats treated beginning at 1 day of age. Lesions were characterized by thinning of the retina, undulations, and rosette formation in outer retinal layers. Foci of renal dysplasia were evident in rats treated beginning at 1 day of age. Poorly differentiated glomeruli and tubules together with nests of primordial epithelial cells, indicative of impaired nephrogenesis, were located in the superficial cortex. It is known that developmental defects can occur in the cerebellum, retina, and kidney of animals infected perinatally with certain cytolytic viruses. However, these appear to be the first studies demonstrating that a halogenated uridine given to newborn animals may result in obvious renal cortical and retinal dysplasia.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Developmental Biology
- Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis