Immunodeficient mice engrafted with human tissues provide a robust model for the in vivo investigation of human-restricted viruses such as human cytomegalovirus (HCMV). Several humanized mouse models have been developed and improved over the last 30 years. Here, we describe a protocol for the transplant of human hematopoietic stem cells with autologous fetal liver and thymic tissues into NOD.Cg-PrkdcscidIL2rγtm1Wjl mice to create a humanized bone marrow–liver–thymus model (huBLT) that can be infected with HCMV. The presence of human thymus allows the development of a functional human immune system, including HLA-restricted human T-cells and B-cells. Indeed, following infection, huBLT mice generate virus-specific CD4+ and CD8+ T-cell responses. Additionally, both HCMV-specific IgM and IgG B-cell responses can be detected. This huBLT model provides the first animal model to explore the adaptive human immune response to HCMV infection.