Developing a reliable senior walking environmental assessment tool

Grazia O. Cunningham, Yvonne L. Michael, Stephanie A. Farquhar, Jodi Lapidus

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

56 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: Research of the effects of the built environment on physical activity often excludes certain segments of the population. The senior population, one segment perhaps most influenced by the physical features of an environment, has been understudied. Developing reliable measures of the environment is important to increase our understanding of the environmental effects on physical activity among seniors. Methods: A review of urban planning and health literature helped identify important concepts and theories that were used to inform the development of the Senior Walking Environmental Assessment Tool (SWEAT). Urban planning and health research professionals were consulted and provided feedback on the tool. A total of 355 neighborhood segments were assessed using SWEAT. Thirty-six neighborhood segments were assessed for inter-rater reliability. Results: Overall, raters exhibited good-to-excellent agreement on most items included in SWEAT. Items assessing buildings and destinations were less reliable than other categories. Conclusions: The development of a reliable senior-specific environmental measurement of detailed street level environmental features that may influence walking among seniors is important to advance this research and engage communities to consider simple environmental changes that encourage walking among seniors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)215-217
Number of pages3
JournalAmerican Journal of Preventive Medicine
Volume29
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 2005

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Walking
City Planning
Urban Health
Research
Population

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)
  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health

Cite this

Developing a reliable senior walking environmental assessment tool. / Cunningham, Grazia O.; Michael, Yvonne L.; Farquhar, Stephanie A.; Lapidus, Jodi.

In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine, Vol. 29, No. 3, 10.2005, p. 215-217.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Cunningham, Grazia O. ; Michael, Yvonne L. ; Farquhar, Stephanie A. ; Lapidus, Jodi. / Developing a reliable senior walking environmental assessment tool. In: American Journal of Preventive Medicine. 2005 ; Vol. 29, No. 3. pp. 215-217.
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