Determination of uranyl incorporation into biogenic manganese oxides using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and scattering

S. M. Webb, J. R. Bargar, Bradley Tebo

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Uranium is a toxic and radioactive contaminant in many settings, such as groundwaters and sediments. In oxidizing environments, uranyl (U(VI)) is thermodynamically the most stable oxidation state. Sorption or incorporation of U(VI) into reactive mineral phases are processes of major importance because they retard its transport. Biogenic manganese oxides are an important source of reactive mineral surfaces in the environment and may be potentially enhanced in bioremediation cases to improve natural attenuation. Experiments were performed in which U(VI) at various concentrations was present during manganese oxide biogenesis. At all concentrations there was strong uptake of U onto the oxides. Synchrotron based x-ray studies were carried out to determine the manner in which uranyl is incorporated into the oxide and how this incorporation affects the resulting manganese oxide structure and mineralogy. The EXAFS experiments show that uranyl does not appear to substitute into the lattice of the oxides, and is rather present as a strong surface complex. However, the presence of U(VI) on the Mn-oxide layers modifies the lattice constants and coherence lengths of the oxides. These results suggest a complex mechanism in which U transport is retarded by sorption and the surface area of the sorbent is increased.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationPhysica Scripta T
Pages949-952
Number of pages4
VolumeT115
DOIs
StatePublished - 2005
Externally publishedYes
Event12th X-ray Absorption Fine Structure International Conference, XAFS12 - Malmo, Sweden
Duration: Jun 23 2003Jun 27 2003

Other

Other12th X-ray Absorption Fine Structure International Conference, XAFS12
CountrySweden
CityMalmo
Period6/23/036/27/03

Fingerprint

manganese oxides
x ray absorption
x ray spectroscopy
absorption spectroscopy
oxides
scattering
sorption
radioactive contaminants
minerals
biological evolution
sorbents
mineralogy
ground water
uranium
contaminants
synchrotrons
sediments
attenuation
substitutes
oxidation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)

Cite this

Determination of uranyl incorporation into biogenic manganese oxides using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and scattering. / Webb, S. M.; Bargar, J. R.; Tebo, Bradley.

Physica Scripta T. Vol. T115 2005. p. 949-952.

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Webb, SM, Bargar, JR & Tebo, B 2005, Determination of uranyl incorporation into biogenic manganese oxides using x-ray absorption spectroscopy and scattering. in Physica Scripta T. vol. T115, pp. 949-952, 12th X-ray Absorption Fine Structure International Conference, XAFS12, Malmo, Sweden, 6/23/03. https://doi.org/10.1238/Physica.Topical.115a00949
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N2 - Uranium is a toxic and radioactive contaminant in many settings, such as groundwaters and sediments. In oxidizing environments, uranyl (U(VI)) is thermodynamically the most stable oxidation state. Sorption or incorporation of U(VI) into reactive mineral phases are processes of major importance because they retard its transport. Biogenic manganese oxides are an important source of reactive mineral surfaces in the environment and may be potentially enhanced in bioremediation cases to improve natural attenuation. Experiments were performed in which U(VI) at various concentrations was present during manganese oxide biogenesis. At all concentrations there was strong uptake of U onto the oxides. Synchrotron based x-ray studies were carried out to determine the manner in which uranyl is incorporated into the oxide and how this incorporation affects the resulting manganese oxide structure and mineralogy. The EXAFS experiments show that uranyl does not appear to substitute into the lattice of the oxides, and is rather present as a strong surface complex. However, the presence of U(VI) on the Mn-oxide layers modifies the lattice constants and coherence lengths of the oxides. These results suggest a complex mechanism in which U transport is retarded by sorption and the surface area of the sorbent is increased.

AB - Uranium is a toxic and radioactive contaminant in many settings, such as groundwaters and sediments. In oxidizing environments, uranyl (U(VI)) is thermodynamically the most stable oxidation state. Sorption or incorporation of U(VI) into reactive mineral phases are processes of major importance because they retard its transport. Biogenic manganese oxides are an important source of reactive mineral surfaces in the environment and may be potentially enhanced in bioremediation cases to improve natural attenuation. Experiments were performed in which U(VI) at various concentrations was present during manganese oxide biogenesis. At all concentrations there was strong uptake of U onto the oxides. Synchrotron based x-ray studies were carried out to determine the manner in which uranyl is incorporated into the oxide and how this incorporation affects the resulting manganese oxide structure and mineralogy. The EXAFS experiments show that uranyl does not appear to substitute into the lattice of the oxides, and is rather present as a strong surface complex. However, the presence of U(VI) on the Mn-oxide layers modifies the lattice constants and coherence lengths of the oxides. These results suggest a complex mechanism in which U transport is retarded by sorption and the surface area of the sorbent is increased.

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