Detection of Varicella-Zoster Virus DNA in Disciform Keratitis Using Polymerase Chain Reaction

David D. Yu, Michael A. Lemp, William Mathers, Mark Espy, Thomas White

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Disciform keratitis is a well-known sequela of herpes zoster ophthalmicus (HZO) and varicella.1 The clinical course can persist for many years with longterm dependence on low-dose topical steroids to suppress recurrent inflammation. The mechanism for disciform keratitis development is not known but is thought to be a delayed hypersensitivity reaction to varicella-zoster virus (VZV) antigen in the cornea. Using the polymerase chain reaction, we have demonstrated the presence of VZV DNA in the cornea of a patient who underwent penetrating keratoplasty 2 years following development of HZO. —A 47-year-old woman was afflicted with HZO in V-1 and V-2 dermatomes on the left side in October 1989. Zoster keratouveitis resulted in secondary, open angle glaucoma. The patient presented in February 1991 with disciform keratitis and Streptococcus viridans corneal ulceration that was successfully treated with topical vancomycin (50 mg/mL) and topical penicillin G (100000 U/mL) (Fig 1).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)167-168
Number of pages2
JournalArchives of Ophthalmology
Volume111
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Herpes Zoster Ophthalmicus
Human Herpesvirus 3
Keratitis
Polymerase Chain Reaction
Cornea
DNA
Viridans Streptococci
Penetrating Keratoplasty
Penicillin G
Open Angle Glaucoma
Herpes Zoster
Delayed Hypersensitivity
Vancomycin
Steroids
Inflammation
Antigens

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ophthalmology

Cite this

Detection of Varicella-Zoster Virus DNA in Disciform Keratitis Using Polymerase Chain Reaction. / Yu, David D.; Lemp, Michael A.; Mathers, William; Espy, Mark; White, Thomas.

In: Archives of Ophthalmology, Vol. 111, No. 2, 1993, p. 167-168.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Yu, David D. ; Lemp, Michael A. ; Mathers, William ; Espy, Mark ; White, Thomas. / Detection of Varicella-Zoster Virus DNA in Disciform Keratitis Using Polymerase Chain Reaction. In: Archives of Ophthalmology. 1993 ; Vol. 111, No. 2. pp. 167-168.
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