Detection of uniparental isodisomy in autosomal recessive mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome by high-density SNP array analysis

Ganka V. Douglas, Joanna Wiszniewska, Mark H. Lipson, David R. Witt, Taryn McDowell, Mara Sifry-Platt, Michio Hirano, William J. Craigen, Lee Jun C. Wong

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

14 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) depletion syndrome encompasses a heterogeneous group of disorders characterized by a reduction in the mtDNA copy number. We identified two patients with clinical presentations consistent with mtDNA depletion syndrome (MDS), who were subsequently found to have apparently homozygous point mutations in TYMP and DGUOK, two of the nine nuclear genes commonly associated with these disorders. Further sequence analyses of parents indicated that in each case only one parent; the mother of the first and the father of the second, was a heterozygous carrier of the mutation identified in the affected child. The presence of underlying deletions was ruled out by use of a custom target array comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) platform. A high-density single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) array analysis revealed that the first patient had a region of copy-neutral absence of heterozygosity (AOH) consistent with segmental isodisomy for an 11.3 Mb region at the long-arm terminus of chromosome 22 (including the TYMP gene), and the second patient had results consistent with complete isodisomy of chromosome 2 (where the DGUOK gene is located). The combined sequencing, array CGH and SNP array approaches have demonstrated the first cases of MDS due to uniparental isodisomy. This diagnostic scenario also demonstrates the necessity of comprehensive examination of the underlying molecular defects of an apparently homozygous mutation in order to provide patients and their families with the most accurate molecular diagnosis and genetic counseling.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)834-839
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Human Genetics
Volume56
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 21 2011

Keywords

  • SNP array
  • apparent homozygosity
  • autosomal recessive
  • mitochondrial DNA depletion syndrome
  • uniparental isodisomy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Genetics
  • Genetics(clinical)

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