Results of two-dimensional echocardiographic examinations were compared with angiographic, hemodynamic and surgical results in 44 patients with bioprosthetic valves in mitral and aortic positions who were undergoing elective or urgent reinvestigation 24 to 87 months (mean 34) after implantation. In these patients, there were 18 homograft aortic valves in the aortic position, 9 stent-mounted homograft aortic valves in the mitral position, 13 porcine xenograft valves in the mitral position and 12 in the aortic position. Poor cusp support, gross fluttering and prolapse of cusps behind or below the anulus identified aortic insufficiency by two-dimensional echocardiography in six patients with an aortic homograft and four patients were identified with insufficiency of a stent-mounted aortic homograft in the mitral position. Two-dimensional echocardiographic examination revealed mitral stenosis in three patients with a porcine xenograft valve in the mitral position and suggested mitral insufficiency in two others. Bacterial endocarditis on homograft or porcine xenograft valves was associated with easily imaged vegetations by two-dimensional echocardiography in 10 patients. Despite difficulties in imaging valve cusps, and the skill required to obtain good echocardiographic images of bioprosthetic valves, significant valve deterioration or infected prostheses were quite effectively imaged by two-dimensional echocardiography in this study.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine