PURPOSE: To evaluate wide-field optical coherence tomography angiography (OCTA) for detection of clinically unsuspected neovascularization (NV) in diabetic retinopathy (DR). METHODS: This prospective observational single-center study included adult patients with a clinical diagnosis of nonproliferative DR. Participants underwent a clinical examination, standard 7-field color photography, and OCTA with commercial and prototype swept-source devices. The wide-field OCTA was achieved by montaging five 6 × 10-mm scans from a prototype device into a 25 × 10-mm image and three 6 × 6-mm scans from a commercial device into a 15 × 6-mm image. A masked grader determined the retinopathy severity from color photographs. Two trained readers examined conventional and wide-field OCTA images for the presence of NV. RESULTS: Of 27 participants, photographic grading found 13 mild, 7 moderate, and 7 severe nonproliferative DR. Conventional 6 × 6-mm OCTA detected NV in 2 eyes (7%) and none with 3 × 3-mm scans. Both prototype and commercial wide-field OCTA detected NV in two additional eyes. The mean area of NV was 0.38 mm (range 0.17-0.54 mm). All eyes with OCTA-detected NV were photographically graded as severe nonproliferative DR. CONCLUSION: Wide-field OCTA can detect small NV not seen on clinical examination or color photographs and may improve the clinical evaluation of DR.
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