Detection of antigen in bronchial epithelium and macrophages in acute Kawasaki disease by use of synthetic antibody

Anne H. Rowley, Susan C. Baker, Stanford T. Shulman, Francesca L. Garcia, Judith A. Guzman-Cottrill, Pauline Chou, Masaru Terai, Tomisaku Kawasaki, Mitra B. Kalelkar, Susan E. Crawford

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Abstract

Background. Kawasaki disease (KD) is the most common acquired cardiac disease in children in developed nations. The etiology is unknown, but a ubiquitous infectious agent appears to be likely. Immunoglobulin A plasma cells infiltrate inflamed tissues in acute KD, producing oligoclonal, antigen-driven antibodies. Methods. To identify antigens important in the pathogenesis of KD, oligoclonal KD antibodies were prepared in vitro and tested by immunohistochemistry experiments on tissues from patients with acute KD and from control subjects and were also tested for reactivity with human inflammatory proteins. Results. By use of synthetic antibody A, specific binding to a cytoplasmic antigen in proximal bronchial epithelium was observed in 10 of 13 patients with acute KD but in 0 of 9 control subjects (P = .001). A subset of macrophages was positive in at least 1 inflamed tissue from all 17 patients with acute KD. Antigen was detected in 9 of 12 acute KD coronary artery aneurysms but in 0 of 10 control coronary arteries (P<.001). The antigen is not immunoglobulin or any of 40 common inflammatory proteins. Conclusions. We report the first demonstration of a KD-associated antigen in the tissues targeted by the disease. Our findings are consistent with the theory that KD is caused by a previously unidentified respiratory infectious agent with tropism for vascular tissue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)856-865
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Infectious Diseases
Volume190
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 15 2004

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ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Infectious Diseases

Cite this

Rowley, A. H., Baker, S. C., Shulman, S. T., Garcia, F. L., Guzman-Cottrill, J. A., Chou, P., Terai, M., Kawasaki, T., Kalelkar, M. B., & Crawford, S. E. (2004). Detection of antigen in bronchial epithelium and macrophages in acute Kawasaki disease by use of synthetic antibody. Journal of Infectious Diseases, 190(4), 856-865. https://doi.org/10.1086/422648