Current methodologies for the analysis of the killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor (KIR) locus utilize specific primer-directed polymerase chain reaction (SSP-PCR), which require a wide range of DNA input, multiple reaction conditions, and up to 16 individual reactions. We have developed and validated a multiplex SSP-PCR method for the genetic analysis of the KIR locus. Design and optimization of four multiplex groups targeting 14 genes and their alleles on the KIR locus has been completed. Each multiplex group contains PCR products that differ in size by a minimum of 15 bp to allow sufficient fragment length resolution for size discrimination by gel electrophoresis. This assay allows for efficient genotyping of the KIR locus while requiring a minimum amount of DNA input, utilizing the simplicity of SSP-PCR.
- Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptor genotyping
- Killer-cell immunoglobulin-like receptors
- Multiplex polymerase chain reaction
- Specific primer-directed polymerase chain reaction
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Immunology and Allergy