Depressive conduct disorder: Symptom patterns and correlates in referred children and adolescents

Mima Simic, Eric Fombonne

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

24 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: In order to examine the validity of the ICD-10 diagnostic category of depressive conduct disorder (DCD), a sample of 58 patients (mean age 11.6) with this diagnosis consecutively referred to a teaching hospital was compared with 151 patients with conduct disorder (CD) (mean age 12.3) and with 128 patients with depressive disorder (DD) (mean age 14.2). Method: Data on symptom profile, sociodemographic characteristics, duration of disorder, family history and psychosocial background were collected using the Maudsley item sheet. Comparison of the three groups was performed using SPSS. Results: Controlling for age and gender differences, the DCD group had fewer biological depressive symptoms, fewer anxiety symptoms, less guilt and lower severity of overall depression compared to the DD group. They also displayed more self-injurious behaviour and had more adverse psychosocial circumstances than the DD subjects. Compared to the CD group, the DCD patients were less overtly aggressive and violent than the CD subjects, in addition to having significant depressive symptoms and a more frequent history of abuse. Limitations: The study was based on case-control and diagnosis had been reached after the discussion of clinicians involved in assessment. Conclusions: Overall, the results tentatively support the validity of this diagnostic subgrouping.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)175-185
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Affective Disorders
Volume62
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Conduct Disorder
Depressive Disorder
Depression
Self-Injurious Behavior
Guilt
International Classification of Diseases
Teaching Hospitals
Anxiety

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Children
  • Comorbidity
  • Conduct disorder
  • Depression

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Behavioral Neuroscience
  • Biological Psychiatry
  • Neurology
  • Psychology(all)

Cite this

Depressive conduct disorder : Symptom patterns and correlates in referred children and adolescents. / Simic, Mima; Fombonne, Eric.

In: Journal of Affective Disorders, Vol. 62, No. 3, 2001, p. 175-185.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

@article{77bbc24dd8e14658b14afcfa31c7286f,
title = "Depressive conduct disorder: Symptom patterns and correlates in referred children and adolescents",
abstract = "Background: In order to examine the validity of the ICD-10 diagnostic category of depressive conduct disorder (DCD), a sample of 58 patients (mean age 11.6) with this diagnosis consecutively referred to a teaching hospital was compared with 151 patients with conduct disorder (CD) (mean age 12.3) and with 128 patients with depressive disorder (DD) (mean age 14.2). Method: Data on symptom profile, sociodemographic characteristics, duration of disorder, family history and psychosocial background were collected using the Maudsley item sheet. Comparison of the three groups was performed using SPSS. Results: Controlling for age and gender differences, the DCD group had fewer biological depressive symptoms, fewer anxiety symptoms, less guilt and lower severity of overall depression compared to the DD group. They also displayed more self-injurious behaviour and had more adverse psychosocial circumstances than the DD subjects. Compared to the CD group, the DCD patients were less overtly aggressive and violent than the CD subjects, in addition to having significant depressive symptoms and a more frequent history of abuse. Limitations: The study was based on case-control and diagnosis had been reached after the discussion of clinicians involved in assessment. Conclusions: Overall, the results tentatively support the validity of this diagnostic subgrouping.",
keywords = "Adolescents, Children, Comorbidity, Conduct disorder, Depression",
author = "Mima Simic and Eric Fombonne",
year = "2001",
doi = "10.1016/S0165-0327(99)00201-3",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "62",
pages = "175--185",
journal = "Journal of Affective Disorders",
issn = "0165-0327",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "3",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - Depressive conduct disorder

T2 - Symptom patterns and correlates in referred children and adolescents

AU - Simic, Mima

AU - Fombonne, Eric

PY - 2001

Y1 - 2001

N2 - Background: In order to examine the validity of the ICD-10 diagnostic category of depressive conduct disorder (DCD), a sample of 58 patients (mean age 11.6) with this diagnosis consecutively referred to a teaching hospital was compared with 151 patients with conduct disorder (CD) (mean age 12.3) and with 128 patients with depressive disorder (DD) (mean age 14.2). Method: Data on symptom profile, sociodemographic characteristics, duration of disorder, family history and psychosocial background were collected using the Maudsley item sheet. Comparison of the three groups was performed using SPSS. Results: Controlling for age and gender differences, the DCD group had fewer biological depressive symptoms, fewer anxiety symptoms, less guilt and lower severity of overall depression compared to the DD group. They also displayed more self-injurious behaviour and had more adverse psychosocial circumstances than the DD subjects. Compared to the CD group, the DCD patients were less overtly aggressive and violent than the CD subjects, in addition to having significant depressive symptoms and a more frequent history of abuse. Limitations: The study was based on case-control and diagnosis had been reached after the discussion of clinicians involved in assessment. Conclusions: Overall, the results tentatively support the validity of this diagnostic subgrouping.

AB - Background: In order to examine the validity of the ICD-10 diagnostic category of depressive conduct disorder (DCD), a sample of 58 patients (mean age 11.6) with this diagnosis consecutively referred to a teaching hospital was compared with 151 patients with conduct disorder (CD) (mean age 12.3) and with 128 patients with depressive disorder (DD) (mean age 14.2). Method: Data on symptom profile, sociodemographic characteristics, duration of disorder, family history and psychosocial background were collected using the Maudsley item sheet. Comparison of the three groups was performed using SPSS. Results: Controlling for age and gender differences, the DCD group had fewer biological depressive symptoms, fewer anxiety symptoms, less guilt and lower severity of overall depression compared to the DD group. They also displayed more self-injurious behaviour and had more adverse psychosocial circumstances than the DD subjects. Compared to the CD group, the DCD patients were less overtly aggressive and violent than the CD subjects, in addition to having significant depressive symptoms and a more frequent history of abuse. Limitations: The study was based on case-control and diagnosis had been reached after the discussion of clinicians involved in assessment. Conclusions: Overall, the results tentatively support the validity of this diagnostic subgrouping.

KW - Adolescents

KW - Children

KW - Comorbidity

KW - Conduct disorder

KW - Depression

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0035115615&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0035115615&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.1016/S0165-0327(99)00201-3

DO - 10.1016/S0165-0327(99)00201-3

M3 - Article

C2 - 11223105

AN - SCOPUS:0035115615

VL - 62

SP - 175

EP - 185

JO - Journal of Affective Disorders

JF - Journal of Affective Disorders

SN - 0165-0327

IS - 3

ER -