Depigmented skin and phantom color measurements for realistic prostheses

Paul Tanner, Sancy Leachman, Kenneth Boucher, Tunçer Burak Ozçelik

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that regardless of human skin phototype, areas of depigmented skin, as seen in vitiligo, are optically indistinguishable among skin phototypes. The average of the depigmented skin measurements can be used to develop the base color of realistic prostheses. Methods and Materials: Data was analyzed from 20 of 32 recruited vitiligo study participants. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy measurements were made from depigmented skin and adjacent pigmented skin, then compared with 66 pigmented polydimethylsiloxane phantoms to determine pigment concentrations in turbid media for making realistic facial prostheses. Results: The Area Under spectral intensity Curve (AUC) was calculated for average spectroscopy measurements of pigmented sites in relation to skin phototype (P = 0.0505) and depigmented skin in relation to skin phototype (P = 0.59). No significant relationship exists between skin phototypes and depigmented skin spectroscopy measurements. The average of the depigmented skin measurements (AUC 19,129) was the closest match to phantom 6.4 (AUC 19,162). Conclusion: Areas of depigmented skin are visibly indistinguishable per skin phototype, yet spectrometry shows that depigmented skin measurements varied and were unrelated to skin phototype. Possible sources of optical variation of depigmented skin include age, body site, blood flow, quantity/quality of collagen, and other chromophores. The average of all depigmented skin measurements can be used to derive the pigment composition and concentration for realistic facial prostheses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)37-42
Number of pages6
JournalSkin Research and Technology
Volume20
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Skin Pigmentation
Prostheses and Implants
Skin
Spectrum Analysis
Area Under Curve
Vitiligo

Keywords

  • Anaplastology
  • Diffuse reflectance spectrometry
  • Facial prosthetics
  • Skin phantom
  • Vitiligo

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dermatology

Cite this

Depigmented skin and phantom color measurements for realistic prostheses. / Tanner, Paul; Leachman, Sancy; Boucher, Kenneth; Ozçelik, Tunçer Burak.

In: Skin Research and Technology, Vol. 20, No. 1, 02.2014, p. 37-42.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Tanner, Paul ; Leachman, Sancy ; Boucher, Kenneth ; Ozçelik, Tunçer Burak. / Depigmented skin and phantom color measurements for realistic prostheses. In: Skin Research and Technology. 2014 ; Vol. 20, No. 1. pp. 37-42.
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abstract = "Purpose: The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that regardless of human skin phototype, areas of depigmented skin, as seen in vitiligo, are optically indistinguishable among skin phototypes. The average of the depigmented skin measurements can be used to develop the base color of realistic prostheses. Methods and Materials: Data was analyzed from 20 of 32 recruited vitiligo study participants. Diffuse reflectance spectroscopy measurements were made from depigmented skin and adjacent pigmented skin, then compared with 66 pigmented polydimethylsiloxane phantoms to determine pigment concentrations in turbid media for making realistic facial prostheses. Results: The Area Under spectral intensity Curve (AUC) was calculated for average spectroscopy measurements of pigmented sites in relation to skin phototype (P = 0.0505) and depigmented skin in relation to skin phototype (P = 0.59). No significant relationship exists between skin phototypes and depigmented skin spectroscopy measurements. The average of the depigmented skin measurements (AUC 19,129) was the closest match to phantom 6.4 (AUC 19,162). Conclusion: Areas of depigmented skin are visibly indistinguishable per skin phototype, yet spectrometry shows that depigmented skin measurements varied and were unrelated to skin phototype. Possible sources of optical variation of depigmented skin include age, body site, blood flow, quantity/quality of collagen, and other chromophores. The average of all depigmented skin measurements can be used to derive the pigment composition and concentration for realistic facial prostheses.",
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