An Mn2+-activated phosphoprotein phosphatase of Mr = 80,000 from rabbit muscle catalyzes the dephosphorylation of skeletal muscle proteins that are phosphorylated by either phosphorylase kinase or cAMP-dependent protein kinase. Phosphorylase or glycogen synthase labeled by phosphorylase kinase at seryl residues 14 or 7, respectively, are both dephosphorylated by the phosphatase. Phosphorylase a and glycogen synthase compete with one another for the phosphatase. The phosphatase discriminates between different sites labeled by the cAMP-dependent protein kinase: glycogen synthase phosphorylated either to 1.0 or 1.8 mol phosphate/mol, or phosphorylase kinase phosphorylated on its β-subunit serve as substrates for the phosphatase, but the phosphorylase kinase α-subunit, the phosphorylated phosphatase inhibitor 1, or casein do not. Histone fraction IIA, phosphorylated by the catalytic subunit, was a poor substrate even at a concentration of 100 μm. Phosphorylation of the α-subunit of phosphorylase kinase had no influence on the kinetics of dephosphorylation of the β-subunit. Thus, the Mr = 80,000 phosphatase meets the functional definition of a protein phosphatase 1 [Cohen, P. (1978) Curr. Top. Cell. Regul.14, 117-196]. Furthermore, from a comparison of the known phosphorylated sites of these proteins, it appears that the phosphatase discriminates between different sites present in the phosphoproteins tested on the basis of the Km values for the reactions. It displays a preferential activity toward proteins with a primary structure wherein basic residues are two positions amino-terminal from the phosphoserine, AgrLysX-YSer(P) or LysArgX-YSer(P), rather and one residue away, ArgArgX-Ser(P).
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology