Dendritic reorganization of an identified neuron during metamorphosis of the moth Manduca sexta: The influence of interactions with the periphery

Karla Kent, R. B. Levine

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

54 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

During metamorphosis of the moth, Manduca sexta, an identified leg motor neuron, the femoral extensor motor neuron (FeExt MN) undergoes dramatic reorganization. Larval dendrites occupy two distinct regions of neuropil, one in the lateral leg neuropil and a second in dorsomedial neuropil. Adult dendrites occupy a greater volume of lateral leg neuropil but do not extend to the dorsomedial region of the ganglion. The adult dendritic morphology is acquired by extreme dendritic regression followed by extensive dendritic growth. Towards the end of larval life, MN dendrites begin to regress, but the most dramatic loss of dendrites occurs in the 3 days following pupation, such that only a few sparse dendrites are retained in the lateral region of leg neuropil. Extensive dendritic growth occurs over the subsequent days such that the MN acquires an adult-like morphology between 12 and 14 days after pupation. This basic process of dendritic remodeling is not dependent upon the presence of the adult leg, suggesting that neither contact with the new target muscle nor inputs from new leg sensory neurons are necessary for triggering dendritic changes. The final distribution of MN dendrites in the adult, however, is altered when the adult leg is absent, suggesting that cues from the adult leg are involved in directing or shaping the growth of MN dendrites to specific regions of neuropil.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1-22
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Neurobiology
Volume24
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1993

Fingerprint

Manduca
Moths
Dendrites
Neuropil
Leg
Neurons
Motor Neurons
Growth
Neuronal Plasticity
Sensory Receptor Cells
Thigh
Ganglia
Cues
Muscles

Keywords

  • dendrites
  • insect
  • metamorphosis
  • motor neuron
  • remodeling

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)

Cite this

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abstract = "During metamorphosis of the moth, Manduca sexta, an identified leg motor neuron, the femoral extensor motor neuron (FeExt MN) undergoes dramatic reorganization. Larval dendrites occupy two distinct regions of neuropil, one in the lateral leg neuropil and a second in dorsomedial neuropil. Adult dendrites occupy a greater volume of lateral leg neuropil but do not extend to the dorsomedial region of the ganglion. The adult dendritic morphology is acquired by extreme dendritic regression followed by extensive dendritic growth. Towards the end of larval life, MN dendrites begin to regress, but the most dramatic loss of dendrites occurs in the 3 days following pupation, such that only a few sparse dendrites are retained in the lateral region of leg neuropil. Extensive dendritic growth occurs over the subsequent days such that the MN acquires an adult-like morphology between 12 and 14 days after pupation. This basic process of dendritic remodeling is not dependent upon the presence of the adult leg, suggesting that neither contact with the new target muscle nor inputs from new leg sensory neurons are necessary for triggering dendritic changes. The final distribution of MN dendrites in the adult, however, is altered when the adult leg is absent, suggesting that cues from the adult leg are involved in directing or shaping the growth of MN dendrites to specific regions of neuropil.",
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