Recently, a dual receptor agonist for human Flt3 and G-CSF receptors, progenipoietin-4 (ProGP-4), was shown to be highly effective in expanding DC in vivo. In this study, we examined the immunological activity of ProGP-4-generated dendritic cell (DC) in an HLA-A2.1 transgenic mouse system. ProGP-4 DC were found to be approximately equivalent in presenting a cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) peptide to a CTL line in vitro compared with bone marrow (BM)-derived DC and > 20-fold more efficient than macrophages or B cells, and > 100-fold better than BM-DC, macrophages, or B cells at presenting PADRE, a universal helper T cell epitope, to a T cell clone. The heightened epitope presentation by ProGP-4 DC was paralleled in vivo inasmuch as a > 6-fold increase in CTL induction was observed compared with other APC populations following ex vivo loading with peptide. The in vitro and in vivo CTL responses stimulated by ProGP-4 DC could be further augmented by either culturing with tumor necrosis factor-α (TNF-α) or co-loading with PADRE. Collectively, our results indicate that peptide-loaded ProGP-4-generated DC demonstrate potent antigenicity and immunogenicity for CTL, making them an attractive component of epitope-based vaccines.
- Cytotoxic T lymphocyte
- Dendritic cell
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Medicine
- Immunology and Microbiology(all)
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
- Infectious Diseases