Demographic and health-related factors associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in multiple sclerosis

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Abstract

Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is high among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet there are no reports on the association between CAM use and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in MS. To examine this relationship, a cross-sectional survey and SF-12 was used to collect demographic and HRQL data from 1667 survey respondents. Factors examined for their association with CAM use included, age, gender, race, self-reported disease severity, disease-modifying drug (DMT) use, MS duration, MS type, education level, physical and mental well-being. Multiple regression analysis revealed that female gender, high education level, longer MS duration, lower physical well-being and not using DMT were independent factors associated with both 'ever' and 'current' CAM use. The finding that a drop in physical component score (PCS) of the SF-12 is independently associated with an increased odds of 'ever' CAM use, 'current' CAM use, and 'past' CAM reflect an association of CAM use with PCS regardless of time of use. Although, temporality of this relationship cannot be established, as this was a cross-sectional study, a longitudinal study is warranted so that we can establish if HRQL is predictive for CAM use in MS.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)94-100
Number of pages7
JournalMultiple Sclerosis
Volume12
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2006

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Complementary Therapies
Multiple Sclerosis
Demography
Health
Quality of Life
Cross-Sectional Studies
Physical Education and Training

Keywords

  • Complementary medicine
  • Health survey
  • Multiple sclerosis
  • Quality of life

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology

Cite this

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title = "Demographic and health-related factors associated with complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use in multiple sclerosis",
abstract = "Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) use is high among people with multiple sclerosis (MS), yet there are no reports on the association between CAM use and health-related quality of life (HRQL) in MS. To examine this relationship, a cross-sectional survey and SF-12 was used to collect demographic and HRQL data from 1667 survey respondents. Factors examined for their association with CAM use included, age, gender, race, self-reported disease severity, disease-modifying drug (DMT) use, MS duration, MS type, education level, physical and mental well-being. Multiple regression analysis revealed that female gender, high education level, longer MS duration, lower physical well-being and not using DMT were independent factors associated with both 'ever' and 'current' CAM use. The finding that a drop in physical component score (PCS) of the SF-12 is independently associated with an increased odds of 'ever' CAM use, 'current' CAM use, and 'past' CAM reflect an association of CAM use with PCS regardless of time of use. Although, temporality of this relationship cannot be established, as this was a cross-sectional study, a longitudinal study is warranted so that we can establish if HRQL is predictive for CAM use in MS.",
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