Delivery of Melanoma-associated Immunoglobulin Monoclonal Antibody and Fab Fragments to Normal Brain Utilizing Osmotic Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption

Edward A. Neuwelt, Peggy A. Barnett, I. Hellström, K. E. Hellström, Paul Beaumier, Christopher I. McCormick, Ronald M. Weigel

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

41 Scopus citations

Abstract

Iodinated monoclonal antibodies (IgG 96.5 and two monomeric Fab fragments 96.5 and 48.7) to melanoma-associated antigens were administered after osmotic blood-brain barrier (BBB) opening in normal rats. Osmotic BBB disruption significantly (P < 0.0001) increased monoclonal antibody delivery to the brain. Following BBB opening and intracarotid administration, there was no difference in the disrupted brain concentration integral area under the curve between Fab and IgG over the 72-h experimental period. However, Fab concentration in the disrupted brain was initially higher than IgG, and the clearance was more rapid (P < 0.001), decreasing 50% by approximately 4.5 h compared to 25.5 h for IgG. Plasma clearance was also more rapid for the Fab than IgG. The levels decreased 50% by 1.5 h for Fab and 15 h for IgG. The route and timing of antibody infusion had a significant effect on delivery to the disrupted brain with the Fab fragments but not with the intact IgG. Antibody recovered from disrupted brain retained its immunological reactivity as measured by a cell binding assay for at least 24 h. IgG and Fab delivery to the ipsilateral brain after BBB disruption increased (P < 0.001) with increasing dose over a more than 3-log dose range. These data provide information applicable to the therapeutic use of monoclonal antibodies in brain tumor treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)4725-4729
Number of pages5
JournalCancer Research
Volume48
Issue number17
StatePublished - Sep 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Oncology
  • Cancer Research

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    Neuwelt, E. A., Barnett, P. A., Hellström, I., Hellström, K. E., Beaumier, P., McCormick, C. I., & Weigel, R. M. (1988). Delivery of Melanoma-associated Immunoglobulin Monoclonal Antibody and Fab Fragments to Normal Brain Utilizing Osmotic Blood-Brain Barrier Disruption. Cancer Research, 48(17), 4725-4729.