Delivery of herpesvirus and adenovirus to nude rat intracerebral tumors after osmotic blood-brain barrier disruption

Gajanan Nilaver, Leslie L. Muldoon, Robert A. Kroll, Michael A. Pagel, Xandra O. Breakefield, Beverly L. Davidson, Edward A. Neuwelt

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

92 Scopus citations

Abstract

The delivery of viral vectors to the brain for treatment of intracerebral tumors is most commonly accomplished by stereotaxic inoculation directly into the tumor. However, the small volume of distribution by inoculation may limit the efficacy of vital therapy of large or disseminated tumors. We have investigated mechanisms to increase vector delivery to intracerebral xenografts of human LX-1 small-cell lung carcinoma tumors in the nude rat. The distribution of Escherichia coli lacZ transgene expression from primary viral infection was assessed after delivery of recombinant virus by intratumor inoculation or intracarotid infusion with or without osmotic disruption of the blood-brain barrier (BBB). These studies used replication- compromised herpes simplex virus type 1 (HSV; vector RH105) and replication- defective adenovirus (AdRSVlacZ), which represent two of the most commonly proposed vital vectors for tumor therapy. Transvascular delivery of both viruses to intracerebral tumor was demonstrated when administered intraarterially (i.a.) after osmotic BBB disruption (n = 9 for adenovirus; n = 7 for HSV), while no virus infection was apparent after i.a. administration without BBB modification (n = 8 for adenovirus; n = 4 for HSV). The thymidine kinase-negative HSV vector infected clumps of tumor cells as a result of its ability to replicate selectively in dividing cells. Osmotic BBB disruption in combination with i.a. administration of viral vectors may offer a method of global delivery to treat disseminated brain tumors.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)9829-9833
Number of pages5
JournalProceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America
Volume92
Issue number21
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 10 1995

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