Delivery of colloidal particles and red blood cells to tissue through microvessel ruptures created by targeted microbubble destruction with ultrasound

Richard J. Price, Danny M. Skyba, Sanjiv Kaul, Thomas C. Skalak

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

    334 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Background - We have previously shown that the application of ultrasound to thin-shelled microbubbles flowing through small microvessels (<7 μm in diameter) produces vessel wall ruptures in vivo. Because many intravascular drug- and gene-delivery vehicles are limited by the endothelial barrier, we hypothesized that this phenomenon could be used to deliver drug-bearing vehicles to tissue. Methods and Results - An exteriorized rat spinotrapezius muscle preparation was used. Intravascular fluorescent red blood cells and polymer microspheres (PM) (205 and 503 nm in diameter) were delivered to the interstitium of rat skeletal muscle through microvessel ruptures created by insonifying microbubbles in vivo. On intravital microscopy, mean dispersion areas per rupture for red blood cells, 503-nm PM, and 205-nm PM were 14.5 x 103 μm2, 24.2 x 103 μm2, and 27.2 x 103 μm2, respectively. PM dispersion areas were significantly larger than the mean dispersion area for red blood cells (P<0.05). Conclusions - Microvessel ruptures caused by insonification of microbubbles in vivo may provide a minimally invasive means for delivering colloidal particles and engineered red blood cells across the endothelial lining of a targeted tissue region.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1264-1267
    Number of pages4
    JournalCirculation
    Volume98
    Issue number13
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Sep 29 1998

    Keywords

    • Blood cells
    • Drug delivery systems
    • Microcirculation
    • Microspheres
    • Ultrasonics

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
    • Physiology (medical)

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