Delirium in Critically Ill Patients

Peter Jackson, Akram Khan

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

49 Scopus citations

Abstract

Delirium in the intensive care unit (ICU) is a common diagnosis, with an incidence ranging between 45% and 87%. Delirium represents a significant burden both to the patient and to the health care system, with a 3.2-fold increase in 6-month mortality and annual US health care costs up to $16 billion. In this review, the diagnosis, epidemiology, and risk factors for delirium in the ICU are discussed. The pathophysiology of delirium and evolving prevention and treatment modalities are outlined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)589-603
Number of pages15
JournalCritical Care Clinics
Volume31
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2015

Keywords

  • Critically ill
  • Delirium
  • Encephelopathy
  • Intensive care unit

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine

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