Aberrant decision-making characterizes various pediatric psychopathologies; however, deliberative choice strategies have not been investigated. A transdiagnostic sample of 95 youths completed a child-friendly sequential sampling paradigm. Participants searched for the best offer by sampling a finite list of offers. Participants’ willingness to explore was measured as the number of offers sampled, and ideal task performance was modeled using a Markov decision-process model. As in previous findings in adults, youths explored more offers when lists were long compared with short, yet participants generally sampled fewer offers relative to model-estimated ideal performance. Searching deeper into the list was associated with choosing better price options. Analyses examining the main and interactive effects of transdiagnostic anxiety and irritability symptoms indicated a negative correlation between anxiety and task performance (p =.01, η p2 =.08). Findings suggest the need for more research on exploratory decision impairments in youths with anxiety symptoms.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||11|
|Journal||Clinical Psychological Science|
|State||Published - Sep 2021|
- computational modeling
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Clinical Psychology