Deletion of macrophage LDL receptor-related protein increases atherogenesis in the mouse

Cheryl D. Overton, Patricia G. Yancey, Amy S. Major, MacRae F. Linton, Sergio Fazio

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

95 Scopus citations

Abstract

Macrophage low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein (LRP) mediates internalization of remnant lipoproteins, and it is generally thought that blocking lipoprotein internalization will reduce foam cell formation and atherogenesis. Therefore, our study examined the function of macrophage LRP in atherogenesis. We generated transgenic mice that specifically lack macrophage LRP through Cre/lox recombination. Transplantation of macrophage LRP bone marrow into lethally irradiated female LDLR recipient mice resulted in a 40% increase in atherosclerosis. The difference in atherosclerosis was not caused by altered serum lipoprotein levels. Furthermore, deletion of macrophage LRP decreased uptake of I-very-low-density lipoprotein compared with wild-type cells in vitro. The increase in atherosclerosis was accompanied by increases in monocyte chemoattractant protein type-1, tumor necrosis factor-α, and proximal aorta macrophage cellularity. We also found that deletion of macrophage LRP increases matrix metalloproteinase-9. This increase in matrix metalloproteinase-9 was associated with a higher frequency of breaks in the elastic lamina. Contrary to what was found with other lipoprotein receptors, deletion of LRP increases atherogenesis in hypercholesterolemic mice. Our data support the hypothesis that macrophage LRP modulates atherogenesis through regulation of inflammatory responses.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)670-677
Number of pages8
JournalCirculation research
Volume100
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 1 2007
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Atherosclerosis
  • Lipoproteins
  • Low-density lipoprotein receptor-related protein
  • Macrophage
  • Metalloproteinase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physiology
  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Deletion of macrophage LDL receptor-related protein increases atherogenesis in the mouse'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this