Delayed type hypersensitivity to gangliosides in the Lewis rat

Halina Offner, Blayne A. Standage, Denis R. Burger, Arthur A. Vandenbark

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16 Scopus citations

Abstract

Systematic study of the immunologic properties of gangliosides has been hampered by the lack of a suitable assay. In this study, significant delayed type hypersensitivity reactions to gangliosides were observed in Lewis rats immunized with whole guinea pig spinal cord (GP-SC) in complete Freund's adjuvant (CFA). The reaction was manifested by an increase in ear thickness after intradermal injection of a mixture of gangliosides and methylated bovine serum albumin (mBSA). No responses were observed to either gangliosides or mBSA alone. The reaction to gangliosides increased after immunization, persisted for 48 h, and was characterized by perivascular infiltration of mononuclear cells. Further evidence for a cellular response was demonstrated by the transfer of ganglioside-specific ear swelling by cultured spleen cells. The response to gangliosides was not due to contamination with myelin basic protein (BP) since no reaction to gangliosides was observed in GP-BP/CFA-immunized rats, and no reaction to BP was observed in ganglioside/CFA-immunized rats. In BP-immunized rats, responsiveness to BP persisted after recovery from clinical EAE for at least 60 days. However, no response to gangliosides was observed in BP-immunized animals after recovery from clinical EAE, suggesting the lack of autosensitization to gangliosides due to the disease process itself.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)147-157
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Neuroimmunology
Volume9
Issue numberC
DOIs
StatePublished - 1985

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Keywords

  • Experimental allergic encephalomyelitis
  • Freund's adjuvant
  • Gangliosides
  • Guinea pig spinal cord
  • Lewis rat
  • Methylated bovine serum albumin
  • Myelin basic protein

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Immunology and Allergy
  • Immunology
  • Neurology
  • Clinical Neurology

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