Delay discounting of reward in ADHD

Application in young children

Vanessa B. Wilson, Suzanne Mitchell, Erica D. Musser, Colleen F. Schmitt, Joel Nigg

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

76 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Background: A key underlying process that may contribute to attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) involves alterations in reward evaluation, including assessing the relative value of immediate over delayed rewards. This study examines whether children with ADHD discount the value of delayed rewards to a greater degree than typically developing children using a delay discounting task. Methods: Children aged 7-9 years diagnosed with ADHD and controls completed a task in which they chose between a hypothetical $10 available after a delay (7, 30, 90 and 180 days) versus various amounts available immediately. Results: ADHD participants discounted more steeply than controls. However, this effect did not survive covarying of IQ. Conclusions: ADHD is associated with a steeper delay gradient when contemplating hypothetical later rewards, but not independently of IQ. The interplay of cognitive processing and IQ with reward evaluation in ADHD requires further exploration.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)256-264
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines
Volume52
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2011

Fingerprint

Attention Deficit Disorder with Hyperactivity
Reward
Delay Discounting

Keywords

  • ADHD
  • delay discounting
  • Impulsivity

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Developmental and Educational Psychology
  • Medicine(all)

Cite this

Delay discounting of reward in ADHD : Application in young children. / Wilson, Vanessa B.; Mitchell, Suzanne; Musser, Erica D.; Schmitt, Colleen F.; Nigg, Joel.

In: Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry and Allied Disciplines, Vol. 52, No. 3, 03.2011, p. 256-264.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

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