Deep brain stimulation for Parkinson disease an expert consensus and review of key issues

Jeff M. Bronstein, Michele Tagliati, Ron L. Alterman, Andres M. Lozano, Jens Volkmann, Alessandro Stefani, Fay B. Horak, Michael S. Okun, Kelly D. Foote, Paul Krack, Rajesh Pahwa, Jaimie M. Henderson, Marwan I. Hariz, Roy A. Bakay, Ali Rezai, William J. Marks, Elena Moro, Jerrold L. Vitek, Frances M. Weaver, Robert E. GrossMahlon R. DeLong

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

520 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To provide recommendations to patients, physicians, and other health care providers on several issues involving deep brain stimulation (DBS) for Parkinson disease (PD). Data Sources and Study Selection: An international consortium of experts organized, reviewed the literature, and attended the workshop. Topics were introduced at the workshop, followed by group discussion. Data Extraction and Synthesis: A draft of a consensus statement was presented and further edited after plenary debate. The final statements were agreed on by all members. Conclusions: (1) Patients with PD without significant active cognitive or psychiatric problems who have medically intractable motor fluctuations, intractable tremor, or intolerance of medication adverse effects are good candidates for DBS. (2) Deep brain stimulation surgery is best performed by an experienced neurosurgeon with expertise in stereotactic neurosurgery who is working as part of a interprofessional team. (3) Surgical complication rates are extremely variable, with infection being the most commonly reported complication of DBS. (4) Deep brain stimulation programming is best accomplished by a highly trained clinician and can take 3 to 6 months to obtain optimal results. (5) Deep brain stimulation improves levodopa-responsive symptoms, dyskinesia, and tremor; benefits seem to be long-lasting in many motor domains. (6) Subthalamic nuclei DBS may be complicated by increased depression, apathy, impulsivity, worsened verbal fluency, and executive dysfunction in a subset of patients. (7) Both globus pallidus pars interna and subthalamic nuclei DBS have been shown to be effective in addressing the motor symptoms of PD. (8) Ablative therapy is still an effective alternative and should be considered in a select group of appropriate patients.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)165-171
Number of pages7
JournalArchives of Neurology
Volume68
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2011

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Arts and Humanities (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Neurology

Fingerprint Dive into the research topics of 'Deep brain stimulation for Parkinson disease an expert consensus and review of key issues'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

  • Cite this

    Bronstein, J. M., Tagliati, M., Alterman, R. L., Lozano, A. M., Volkmann, J., Stefani, A., Horak, F. B., Okun, M. S., Foote, K. D., Krack, P., Pahwa, R., Henderson, J. M., Hariz, M. I., Bakay, R. A., Rezai, A., Marks, W. J., Moro, E., Vitek, J. L., Weaver, F. M., ... DeLong, M. R. (2011). Deep brain stimulation for Parkinson disease an expert consensus and review of key issues. Archives of Neurology, 68(2), 165-171. https://doi.org/10.1001/archneurol.2010.260