Declining Incident Dementia Rates Across Four Population-Based Birth Cohorts

Kevin J. Sullivan, Hiroko Dodge, Tiffany F. Hughes, Chung Chou H. Chang, Xinmei Zhu, Anran Liu, Mary Ganguli

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Incidence rates of dementia appear to be declining in high-income countries according to several large epidemiological studies. We aimed to describe declining incident dementia rates across successive birth cohorts in a U.S. population-based sample and to explore the influences of sex and education on these trends. METHODS: We pooled data from two community-sampled prospective cohort studies with similar study aims and contiguous sampling regions: the Monongahela Valley Independent Elders Survey (1987-2001) and the Monongahela-Youghiogheny Healthy Aging Team (2006-Ongoing). We identified four decade-long birth cohorts spanning birth years 1902-1941. In an analysis sample of 3,010 participants (61% women, mean baseline age = 75.7 years, mean follow-up = 7.1 years), we identified 257 cases of incident dementia indicated by a Clinical Dementia Rating of 1.0 or higher. We used Poisson regression to model incident dementia rates by birth cohort, age, sex, education, and interactions of Sex × Cohort and Sex × Education. We further examined whether cohort effects varied by education, testing a Cohort × Education interaction and stratifying the models by education. RESULTS: Compared to the earliest birth cohort (1902-1911), each subsequent cohort had a significantly lower incident dementia rate (1912-1921: incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.655, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.477-0.899; 1922-1931: IRR = 0.387, 95% CI = 0.265-0.564; 1932-1941: IRR = 0.233, 95% CI = 0.121-0.449). We observed no significant interactions of either sex or education with birth cohort. CONCLUSIONS: A decline in incident dementia rates was observed across successive birth cohorts independent of sex, education, and age.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1439-1445
Number of pages7
JournalThe journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences
Volume74
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 16 2019

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Dementia
Sex Education
Parturition
Population
Incidence
Confidence Intervals
Education
Cohort Effect
Birth Rate
Epidemiologic Studies
Cohort Studies
Prospective Studies

Keywords

  • Cognition
  • Cognitive aging
  • Community-based
  • Epidemiology

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

Cite this

Declining Incident Dementia Rates Across Four Population-Based Birth Cohorts. / Sullivan, Kevin J.; Dodge, Hiroko; Hughes, Tiffany F.; Chang, Chung Chou H.; Zhu, Xinmei; Liu, Anran; Ganguli, Mary.

In: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences, Vol. 74, No. 9, 16.08.2019, p. 1439-1445.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Sullivan, Kevin J. ; Dodge, Hiroko ; Hughes, Tiffany F. ; Chang, Chung Chou H. ; Zhu, Xinmei ; Liu, Anran ; Ganguli, Mary. / Declining Incident Dementia Rates Across Four Population-Based Birth Cohorts. In: The journals of gerontology. Series A, Biological sciences and medical sciences. 2019 ; Vol. 74, No. 9. pp. 1439-1445.
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abstract = "BACKGROUND: Incidence rates of dementia appear to be declining in high-income countries according to several large epidemiological studies. We aimed to describe declining incident dementia rates across successive birth cohorts in a U.S. population-based sample and to explore the influences of sex and education on these trends. METHODS: We pooled data from two community-sampled prospective cohort studies with similar study aims and contiguous sampling regions: the Monongahela Valley Independent Elders Survey (1987-2001) and the Monongahela-Youghiogheny Healthy Aging Team (2006-Ongoing). We identified four decade-long birth cohorts spanning birth years 1902-1941. In an analysis sample of 3,010 participants (61{\%} women, mean baseline age = 75.7 years, mean follow-up = 7.1 years), we identified 257 cases of incident dementia indicated by a Clinical Dementia Rating of 1.0 or higher. We used Poisson regression to model incident dementia rates by birth cohort, age, sex, education, and interactions of Sex × Cohort and Sex × Education. We further examined whether cohort effects varied by education, testing a Cohort × Education interaction and stratifying the models by education. RESULTS: Compared to the earliest birth cohort (1902-1911), each subsequent cohort had a significantly lower incident dementia rate (1912-1921: incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.655, 95{\%} confidence interval [95{\%} CI] = 0.477-0.899; 1922-1931: IRR = 0.387, 95{\%} CI = 0.265-0.564; 1932-1941: IRR = 0.233, 95{\%} CI = 0.121-0.449). We observed no significant interactions of either sex or education with birth cohort. CONCLUSIONS: A decline in incident dementia rates was observed across successive birth cohorts independent of sex, education, and age.",
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T1 - Declining Incident Dementia Rates Across Four Population-Based Birth Cohorts

AU - Sullivan, Kevin J.

AU - Dodge, Hiroko

AU - Hughes, Tiffany F.

AU - Chang, Chung Chou H.

AU - Zhu, Xinmei

AU - Liu, Anran

AU - Ganguli, Mary

PY - 2019/8/16

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N2 - BACKGROUND: Incidence rates of dementia appear to be declining in high-income countries according to several large epidemiological studies. We aimed to describe declining incident dementia rates across successive birth cohorts in a U.S. population-based sample and to explore the influences of sex and education on these trends. METHODS: We pooled data from two community-sampled prospective cohort studies with similar study aims and contiguous sampling regions: the Monongahela Valley Independent Elders Survey (1987-2001) and the Monongahela-Youghiogheny Healthy Aging Team (2006-Ongoing). We identified four decade-long birth cohorts spanning birth years 1902-1941. In an analysis sample of 3,010 participants (61% women, mean baseline age = 75.7 years, mean follow-up = 7.1 years), we identified 257 cases of incident dementia indicated by a Clinical Dementia Rating of 1.0 or higher. We used Poisson regression to model incident dementia rates by birth cohort, age, sex, education, and interactions of Sex × Cohort and Sex × Education. We further examined whether cohort effects varied by education, testing a Cohort × Education interaction and stratifying the models by education. RESULTS: Compared to the earliest birth cohort (1902-1911), each subsequent cohort had a significantly lower incident dementia rate (1912-1921: incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.655, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.477-0.899; 1922-1931: IRR = 0.387, 95% CI = 0.265-0.564; 1932-1941: IRR = 0.233, 95% CI = 0.121-0.449). We observed no significant interactions of either sex or education with birth cohort. CONCLUSIONS: A decline in incident dementia rates was observed across successive birth cohorts independent of sex, education, and age.

AB - BACKGROUND: Incidence rates of dementia appear to be declining in high-income countries according to several large epidemiological studies. We aimed to describe declining incident dementia rates across successive birth cohorts in a U.S. population-based sample and to explore the influences of sex and education on these trends. METHODS: We pooled data from two community-sampled prospective cohort studies with similar study aims and contiguous sampling regions: the Monongahela Valley Independent Elders Survey (1987-2001) and the Monongahela-Youghiogheny Healthy Aging Team (2006-Ongoing). We identified four decade-long birth cohorts spanning birth years 1902-1941. In an analysis sample of 3,010 participants (61% women, mean baseline age = 75.7 years, mean follow-up = 7.1 years), we identified 257 cases of incident dementia indicated by a Clinical Dementia Rating of 1.0 or higher. We used Poisson regression to model incident dementia rates by birth cohort, age, sex, education, and interactions of Sex × Cohort and Sex × Education. We further examined whether cohort effects varied by education, testing a Cohort × Education interaction and stratifying the models by education. RESULTS: Compared to the earliest birth cohort (1902-1911), each subsequent cohort had a significantly lower incident dementia rate (1912-1921: incidence rate ratio [IRR] = 0.655, 95% confidence interval [95% CI] = 0.477-0.899; 1922-1931: IRR = 0.387, 95% CI = 0.265-0.564; 1932-1941: IRR = 0.233, 95% CI = 0.121-0.449). We observed no significant interactions of either sex or education with birth cohort. CONCLUSIONS: A decline in incident dementia rates was observed across successive birth cohorts independent of sex, education, and age.

KW - Cognition

KW - Cognitive aging

KW - Community-based

KW - Epidemiology

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